History of Radio in India, World Radio Day 2020 theme (World Radio Day history, Theme, quotes in hindi)
The practice of radio in India is old for many years. In ancient times, radio was such a device, which people used to listen with great fervor. Because through this the news of the country and the world was brought to the people. At the same time, it was also a means of entertainment for the people of that time. Even in today’s time, this radio remains a part of people’s lives. because of this Mann Ki Baat Radio Show powered by Prime Minister Narendra Modi It has also started from the year 2014, in which people have to listen to the words of Modi ji.
With the passage of time, there have been many changes in the services provided by radio, as now radio is easily available through broadband, mobile and tablet also. Due to these specialties of radio, World Radio Day has been declared on 13 February all over the world. The detailed information about this day celebrated all over the world like when it started, what was its theme in different years, how it is celebrated, etc. is given below.
History of Radio in India (H)story of Radio in India in hindi)
Radio was first introduced in India by the Madras Presidency Club in 1924. The club worked on radio broadcasting for 3 years, but due to financial difficulties, the club closed it in 1927. In the same year in 1927, some Bombay businessmen started the Indian Broadcasting Company in Bombay and Calcutta. This company also spread in 1930 and then in 1932 the Government of India took its reins and started a separate department named Indian Broadcasting Service. In 1936 its name was changed to All India Radio (AIR), which was looked after by the Department of Communications. The AIR was controlled by the Director General, who was assisted by the Deputy Director and the Chief Engineer.
Radio broadcasting in India was a national service, created and operated by the Government of India. AIR took this service forward and built stations for radio broadcasting all over the country. It was difficult for a big country to reach such a huge national service to every corner of the country, so to remove this difficulty after independence AIR made its own 2 departments. In 1957, the name of All India Radio was changed to ‘Akashvani’, which was looked after by the Ministry of Broadcasting and Information. At the time of independence, there used to be only 6 radio stations in the country, but by the 90s the network of radio had spread all over the country and 146 AM stations were formed. Radio programs used to come in English, Hindi, regional and local languages. Commercial radio service started in the country in 1967. its beginning miscellaneous indian and professional service from Mumbai Headquarters. By the mid-1990s, there were 31 AM and FM stations for broadcasting in the country. In 1994, 85 FM and 73 wave stations were created to connect the country.
History of Radio Day in India (H)history of Radio Diwas in India )
Despite being the oldest medium of radio communication, the history of celebrating Radio Day globally is not very old. It was announced to be celebrated almost a decade ago.
In fact, after the request of the Spanish Radio Academy on 20 September 2010, Spain put forward the agenda of celebrating Radio Day in a meeting of UNESCO. After this, on 29 September 2011, this agenda was included in the meeting as a provisional agenda. After this, after the consent of the stake holders, UNESCO announced to celebrate this day in its 36th general session. In the year 1946, United Nations had established United Nations Radio on 13th February, so it was decided to celebrate it on 13th February every year.
purpose of radio day (Objective of Radio Day )
The main purpose of celebrating this day is to make clear the importance of radio among the people and the media. Apart from this, another purpose of this is also to encourage various manufacturers and decision-making companies to use it by telling them about the reach of radio so that their talk can reach more public.
home radio services in india (R)adio service in India)
All India Radio had services in several languages, each serving different regions across the country.
- Vividh Bharati Vividh Bharati is one of the best services of All India Radio. Its name roughlymiscellaneous indian‘, and is also called Professional Broadcasting Service. It is most commercially accessible from the All India Network, popular in many major cities of India. Vividh Bharati offers a range of programs including news, film music and comedy programmes. It operates on different medium wave band frequencies for each city. Some of the programs broadcast in Vividh Bharati are as follows-
- Hawa Mahal – Based on radio novels and plays.
- Santogen Ki Mehfil – Comedy
- Balochi Program on All India Radio Sources claim that All India Radio is planning to produce the program in Balochi language.
- other services : There are two more services in this, first primary channel and national channel etc.
- regional services : All India Radio has set up 5 Regional Headquarters in North Zone at Delhi, East Zone at Calcutta, North-East Zone at Guwahati, West Zone at Mumbai and South Zone at Chennai. Apart from this, it has its headquarters at many other places and each headquarters used to broadcast different frequency, which are as follows-
- Northern Regional Services Includes : Agra, Almora, Charahara (Budgam, Budgam A), Delhi (C, D and National Channel), Discit, Jaipur A, Jammu A, Kargil (A, B), Kota, Lucknow (A, C), Najibabad, Padam, Rampur, Tiesuru, Varanasi A, Ajmer, Burmer, Srinagar (C), Dras, Jalandhar (A, B), Jodhpur A, Kupwara, Nowshera, Puri, Rohtak, Udaipur, Sawai Madhopur, Allahabad, Bikaner, Gorakhpur , Kalpa (Kinnaur), Khalsi, Leh, Mathura, Nyoma, Pithoragarh, Shimla, Uttarkashi and Rae Bareli etc.
- North Eastern Regional Services : It includes Agartala, Shillong, Guwahati A, Imphal etc.
- Eastern Regional Services These include: Bhagalpur, Cuttack A, Jamshedpur, Kolkata (A, B, C), Patna A, Muzaffarpur (AB), Chinsurah, Darbhanga, and Ranchi A etc.
- Western Regional Services : Ahmedabad, Bhopal A, Chhatarpur, Indore A, Mumbai (A, B, C), Nagpur (A, B), Panaji (A, B), Rajkot A, Solapur, Aurangabad, Chhindwara, Gwalior, Jalgaon, Pune A, Ratnagiri, Sangil etc.
- South Regional Services : Adilabad, Chennai (A, B, C), Coimbatore, Hyderabad (A, B), Kozhikode A, Nagercoil, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram A, Tiruchirappalli A, Vijayavara A, Gowtham, Bangalore, Gulbarga, Madurai, Udhagamandalam, Thrissur, Tirunelveli, Visakhapatnam and Pondicherry etc.
External services of radio in India (All India Radio external services division)
Foreigners also liked to listen to India’s radio, due to which the external services division of All India Radio started broadcasting there as well. In 1994, about 70 hours of news and entertainment programs were broadcast with the help of 32 software transmitters. External services to All India Radio are broadcast outside India in 27 languages – mainly through high power shortwave band broadcasting. However medium wave is also used for neighboring countries. In addition to broadcasts targeted to language-specific countries, there is a general Overseas Service broadcast in English for 8¼ hours each day for a general international audience. On 1 October 1939, the British government began external broadcasting to counter Nazi propaganda directed at the Afghan people. External services were broadcast in 16 foreign and 11 Indian languages, with 70¼ hours of programming per day on medium and shortwave frequencies.
Apart from this, many more services have started in modern times. Whose names are Digital Radio Mondial (DRM), News Service on Phone, Direct to Home Service, Documentary, Central Drama Unit, Social Media Cell etc.
Advantages of Radio in India (B)benefits of Radio in India)
- Radio broadcasting was indigenous in India, it was a great medium to get a message to every nook and corner of the country.
- Through this, the farmers of the country could get detailed farming information, weather, things related to the country and abroad could easily reach the people of the country.
- The main focus of All India Radio was to increase the consciousness and unity of the country. Special attention was paid to maintaining national political unity while making radio programmes.
- After independence, when there was an uproar in the politics of the country, then such programs used to show the right path to the people of the country.
- All India Radio played a major role in improving the economic condition of the country. Indian radio mainly used to broadcast such programs, which were leading to increase social unity.
- The people of the country were also told about modernity and new ways through radio.
- After some time this modernization of this country replaced television and broadcasting took on new meanings, but despite this radio used to be an experienced medium of the country.
- Even then people used to like to listen to programs and songs related to knowledge, entertainment in the radio. Akashvani and All India Radio still dominate the whole earth in the form of a big network.
2020 The theme of World Radio Day inWorld Radio Day In 2020 Theme)–
This time on 13th February we will celebrate 7th World Radio Day together all over the world. This time the theme of this day will be Dialogue Tolerance and Peace. On this day many programs will also be organized by various radio organizations at different levels.
Theme of World Radio Day Themes 2012-2018) –
- In the years 2012 and 2013, no theme was fixed to celebrate this day, but this day was celebrated by organizing various programs. In the year 2013, this day also received massive media coverage, which was heard by more than 150 million listeners in the world.
- After this held in the year 2014 women’s day theme gender equality in radio and women empowerment Was placed. Apart from this, it has many other objectives such as sensitizing radio station owners, journalists, officials and the government to develop gender related policy and strategy for radio, along with promoting new thinking by eliminating stereotypes, in various positions in radio. It was decided to give place to women. Apart from this, the focus was also towards the safety of women radio journalists this year.
- In the year 2015, the theme of this day was Youth and Radio, the purpose of this theme was to increase the participation of youth in radio.
- The theme of World Radio Day in 2016 is struggle and in times of emergency The radio was placed in. Apart from this, topics like freedom of expression and safety of journalists were also focused this year.
- In the year 2017, the theme of this day was “Radio Is You”. The purpose of this topic was to teach the users of the radio how to talk with the radio.
- The theme of World Radio Day in the year 2018 was “Radio and Sports”. This year also, apart from this topic, many other topics like building and uniting the community and how radio affects our lives etc. were also focused on.
Radio Day Quotes Quotes)
- If the radio remains silent, our ears will be deprived of reality.
- The radio is not powerful because of the microphone, but because of the person who is sitting behind the microphone.
- Radio is a means of entertainment, which allows millions of people to listen to the same thing at the same time.
Radio Day Events) –
According to the UN, there are about 44000 radio stations operating around the world. And according to the data received so far, about 75 percent of homes in developed countries have access to radio. From these figures you can guess, how big is the number of people listening to the radio. On February 13, many programs are organized on Radio Day, this time the programs organized on Radio Day will be as follows.
- Live Word 2019 Broadcast and Event from Paris
- target zero hunger
- Radio conversation with Daniel Aldrich on the issue of reducing violent extremism
In this way, since 2012, almost every year, many types of events are organized on World Radio Day and efforts are made to make people aware.