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What is system software and its types


Whenever it comes to softwares, it is very important to know about system software. But now the thing comes that even though we must have heard about it before but do you know that it What is System Software And which ones are there, along with what are its important features? If you do not know about all these topics, then there is nothing to panic because today I have presented an article on this topic or article for you guys, who is called system software and what are its features. will be able to give.

it’s kind of There is a computer program that is designed to run hardware and application programs. If you think that your computer system is a layered model, then system software is an interface. Between hardware and user applications.

A very good example of system software is the operating system (OS). This OS manages all the programs of the computer. Many people call system software, the operating system, because this is the thing that is actually running in the computer. Everything else is instructing it to perform a task. So today I thought why don’t you guys system software definition Let me provide complete information about it so that you do not have any problem in understanding it in the coming time. Then without delay let’s start.

What is System Software – What is System Software in Hindi

System software refers to the files and programs that make up the operating system of the computer. System files contain many things such as libraries of functions, system services, drivers for printers and other hardware, system preferences, along with other configuration files. On the other hand, if we talk about those programs which are part of system software, then it includes assemblers, compilers, File management tools, system utilities, and debuggers are prominent.

What is System Software?

This system software is then installed in your computer when you install the Operating System. If you want, you can also update the software, for which you just need some programs like “Windows Update” for Windows or “Software UpdateMust be run for Mac OS X.

Understand one thing that like application programs, but the end user cannot run system software. For example, even if you are only using a web browser throughout the day in your computer, in this case you would never have used the assembler program in the meantime.

Since system software is working in the very basic level of your computer, it is called “low-level” software. It generates the user interface and it allows the operating system to interact with the hardware. The programs that are in these softwares are written in low-level languages, so that they can interact with the hardware at a very basic level. The best thing about this is that you do not have to worry about what the system software is, because it is always running in the background. And we users are always working in “high-level”.

Some system software can be used directly by the users and while other system software is working in the background. System software allows users to interact directly with hardware functionality, such as Device Manager and other utilities that you can see in the Control Panel.

Definition of system software

System software is a computer software that is used to control and coordinate computer hardware and it provides an environment to execute the application software. If we talk about the examples of system software, then it includes operating system (OS), BIOS, device firmware, some system utility software which help to configure, optimize and maintain the computer, programming software such as assemblers, compilers and debuggers etc. System software actually serves as an interface between hardware and end users.

system software functions

Although there are many features of System Software, let us know about some of their important features below.

  1. They are very close to the system.
  2. They are very fast, if we talk about their speed then.
  3. It is very difficult to design them.
  4. At the same time, understanding them is equally difficult.
  5. These are very rarely interactive.
  6. Their size is very small.
  7. It is also very difficult to manipulate them.
  8. often their programs It is written in low-level language.

types of system software

Do you know what is system software? If we broadly classify System Software then these are of 5 types. In which all are designed to control and coordinate the processes and functions of computer hardware. Along with this, they also enable functional interaction between hardware, software and user.

Systems software acts as a middleman to ensure that the communication between software and hardware is always correct and allow harmonious coexistence with the user.

Systems software is categorized into five parts in the following way:

1. Operating System: It controls all types of communication that takes place between hardware, system programs, and other applications.

2. Device Driver: It enables device communication between the OS and other programs.

3. Firmware: It enables device control and identification.

4. Translator: It translates high-level languages ​​into low-level machine codes.

5. Utility: This ensures that there is optimum functionality between devices and applications.

1. Operating System (OS)

Operating system One such type of system software There is a kernel which creates a medium between the computer hardware and the end user to interact. This is first installed in the computer so that it allows the devices and applications to be identified and after that make them functional.
System software is the first layer software that is loaded into the memory whenever the computer is powered up. Examples are Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS.

2. Device Drivers

Driver software is a type of system software that helps keep computer devices and their peripherals alive. It is only with the help of drivers that all connected components and external add-ons are able to perform their intended tasks as directed by the OS. Without drivers, the OS can assign any duties to anyone.

Devices that require drivers:

3. Firmware

Firmware is such operational software that is embedded in a flash, ROM, or EPROM memory chip so that the OS can easily identify them. It can directly manage and control all the activities of any single hardware.

In earlier times, firmware used to mean fixed software as the word used in it denotes firm. These were previously installed on non-volatile chips and can only be upgraded if they are swapped with new preprogrammed chips. This was done to differentiate it from high-level software, which was updated without swapping any components. But current firmware is stored in flash chips, and they can now be upgraded without swapping semiconductor chips.

4. Programming Language Translators

These are the intermediate programs on which most software programmers depend on the source code of high-level language. To translate into machine language code. In this, they are called high-level languages, which are a collection of programming languages ​​and which can be easily understood and coded by humans (such as Java, C++, Python, PHP, BASIC And so on). Whereas machine language is a type of complex code that only the processor can understand.

These codes are converted into machine language so that the computer can understand it easily and work accordingly. This operation is done by the language processor, while it also has three components :-


This language processor is used to convert assembly language into machine level language.


use of this language processor High-Level Language It has to be converted into machine level language at the same time, due to which its execution time is very fast. Error detection in the compiler is very difficult. Programming languages ​​such as C, C ++ and Scala use the compiler.


This language processor is used to convert high-level language to machine level language, that too in a line-by-line manner, hence its execution time is very slow. Error-detection is very easy in this because it reports the bug only as soon as it is detected and restarts the process again. It consumes unnecessary memory. Programming Languages ​​such as Python, Ruby and Use the Java interpreter.

5. Utilities

Utilities are called system software that comes between the system and the application software. These are programs that are only for diagnostic and maintenance tasks of the computer. They are very handy and they ensure that the computer functions optimally. Their tasks vary crucial From data security to disk drive defragmentation.

Most are third-party tools and they often come bundled with the operating system. These third-party tools are available individually or even bundled together such as Hiren Boot CD, Ultimate Boot CD, or Kaspersky Rescue Disk.

What did you learn today?

I hope you like this article of mine What is System Software Must have liked it. It has always been my endeavor to provide complete information to the readers about the type of system software so that they can be accessed from any other site or website. There is no need to search in the context of that article in the internet. This will also save their time and they will also get all the information in one place. If you have any doubts about this article or you want that there should be some improvement in it, then you can write low comments for this. If you liked this article What is System Software in Hindi or got to learn something, then please share this post on Social Networks such as Share on Facebook, Google+ and Twitter etc.


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