do you want to know Fiber optic cablehandjob Twisted pair cable And Coaxial cable What is the difference between This question is often asked in many exams. If you also want a simple and complete answer to this then stay with us.
Fiber optic cable, twisted pair cable and coaxial cable are all three major types of network cables used in communication systems. Each of these are different from each other and are used for different functions.
Therefore, in order to use the right among these three, first you have to understand them and also understand the difference between them. So without delay, let’s start and know about them.
- 1 Difference Between Twisted Pair, Coaxial Cable and Optical Fiber
Fiber optic is also called optical fiber cable. It is a type of Ethernet cable that uses one or more optic fibers. to transmit the data. Fiber optic cable transmits data that too in the form of light pulses, which pass through these thin glass tubes. According to one estimate, the transmission capacity of optical fiber cable is about 26,000 times more than that of twisted pair cable.
Twisted pair is most commonly used in telephone communications and modern Ethernet networks. This is a type of wiring in which two conductors of a single circuit are twisted together.
This pair of wires very easily forms a circuit in which data can be transmitted easily. At the same time, these pairs are also twisted together so that it protects us from crosstalk, the noise that is generated from adjacent pairs.
Coaxial cable, or coax cable, is specially designed to transmit high-frequency signals. This wire is made of a circular copper conductor and three layers of insulation and shielding which keeps away crosstalk from motors, lighting and sources of EMI. Because of this shield construction, this coaxial cable can easily support longer cable lengths between two devices.
|Coaxial Cable Types||Description|
|RG59||RG59 is a basic coax cable. It is very thin and has very little shielding. It is most suitable for cable TV transmissions and short cable.|
|RG6||RG6 coaxial cable is heavier gauge and has thicker insulation and better shielding. It is most suitable for digital video signals and satellite TV.|
Difference Between Twisted Pair, Coaxial Cable and Optical Fiber
Now let us know what is the difference between Twisted Pair Cable, Co-axial Cable and Optical Fiber Cable :-
|Characteristics||Twisted pair cable||co-axial cable||optical fiber cable|
|Signal transmission||In this, the signal is transmitted in electrical form, that too in metallic conducting wires.||In this, the signal is transmitted in electrical form, that too through the inner conductor of the cable.||In this, the signal is transmitted in electrical form, that too through glass fiber.|
|External magnetic field||These are quite affected by external magnetic from field.||They are not much affected by the external magnetic field.||They are not affected at all by the external magnetic field.|
|Cause of power||There is power loss in this, that too due to special conduction and radiation.||There is power loss in this, that too due to the special conduction.||There is power loss in this, especially due to absorption, scattering and bending.|
|Bandwidth||Twisted pair cable in low There is bandwidth.||Co-axial cable has a slightly higher bandwidth.||Optical fiber cable has the highest bandwidth.|
|Electromagnetic interference(EMI)||There is a lot of effect of EMI in this.||In this, the EMI is significantly reduced due to shielding.||There is no EMI in this at all.|
|Installation||Very easy installation.||The installation process is a little less easy.||The installation process is quite difficult.|
|Attenuation||The highest attenuation is found in this.||It has low attenuation.||It has the lowest attenuation.|
|data rate||Twisted pair cable supports low data rate.||It supports Moderately high data rate.||It supports very high data rate.|
|noise immunity||Twisted pair cable has the lowest low noise immunity.||Co-axial cable has a little more noise immunity.||Optical fiber cable has the highest noise immunity.|
So that was the gist of all the major differences, that too between fiber optic cable vs twisted pair cable vs coaxial cable. In all these, Fiber optics is now being used the most because technology has started increasing slowly. And the need for speed is everywhere.
What are the types of fiber optic cable?
Fiber optic cable can be mainly divided into two parts single mode fiber (SMF) and multimode fiber (MMF).
What are the Types of Twisted Pair Cable?
There are mainly two types of twisted pair cable: unshielded twisted pair (UTP) and shielded twisted pair (STP).
Is STP cable able to resist noise better?
Yes, STP cable is able to resist noise better than UTP cable.
Which two types of Co-Axial Cable are most commonly used?
There are two types of co-axial cable, RG59 and RG6, which are most commonly used for household purposes.
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