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How to Start a School in India – Complete Guide

How to Start a School in India - Complete Guide
How to Start a School in India - Complete Guide

How to Open Schools in India – Procedure and Recognition Rules for opening schools (Business Ideas)

Starting a school is not only a business, but it is also a kind of social service, in which you can contribute to building a well-educated and civilized society in the medium of education. For this reason, it can also be called a satisfying business, but many technical and legal problems have to be faced to start it in India.

Opening a school is a difficult process in which there are some legal formalities that are mandatory to be completed. It requires proper planning and some experience.

To start a school, some people take the help of a school consultant, while some move ahead by learning from their own experiences. To make any school successful, if it is started by opening a primary school or playschool, then the road is long but easy. 

How to start a School in India

It is very important for you to have the right legal information to open a school. First of all, the board should decide for the school whether the school will have a state board or the academic program of CBSE can be decided accordingly.

You have to apply for school registration, then get NOC and other necessary approvals. Municipal authorities and education department and the health department will help you with this work.

To get approval, you must have basic school infrastructure, interiors, and qualified staff. The truth is that once you get all the approvals for a school in India, it becomes easy and easy to open a school.

It is generally advised that before starting secondary school it is better to pursue primary school first. It can help you in many ways. You are already prepared to create documents, and you also have some experience.
Like you are also aware of the norms and guidelines required to start a school. This also makes your case strong to get approval. Although there are some schools which are after primary education from 5th to 10th.

Basic infrastructure, interior, and human resource planning are very important to get approval. All these contain information related to land, building layout, facilities in the school, and staff-related information. Every board has its own conditions on which the school has to meet

If you are applying for a particular board, then first read and understand their conditions thoroughly, if necessary, the help of a lawyer can also be taken in this because it is very important that the board has the facilities available to you. be satisfied with, Therefore, if prepared in advance, then you will have to face less technical problems later.

The financial system is also very important to be available on time, you can take a loan from a finance institute, bank, or any other private but certified company and after that, it is also important to keep financial records.

Approval from the Department of Education and Health will now be required, for this, you will also need a blueprint of the structure along with a detailed business plan. If you have the construction-ready, then you can also get it prepared according to the proposal. If you have already applied for affiliation, you can also submit these records.

The selection of teachers for the school is an important process. From playschool to higher secondary school, the criteria for the qualification of teachers are also different, so the experience is required for selection, for this, you can follow the rules made by the government and also the help of some experienced persons. So that the school gets the best teachers.

Land for the School

The very first step to start school is to find a good place, for this, you have to be very careful because there are some basic requirements like the safety of children, the privacy of school and open ground to play with peace.

In fact, it is very important for the school to have good and sufficient land along with its location in the city and the surrounding environment.

If you want to open a secondary school and you have decided on the city, then prepare the market and students for your secondary school. Meaning it will be easier to open an IB, ICE, or CBSE school in an area that is an IT hub first while avoiding a location where there is already an established secondary school.

The land being taken for the CBSE school also has different standards. To start a CBSE school within the city, it is necessary to have at least 1 acre of land, while for starting out of the city these limits are 1.5 acres and the land should also be in the same place and in the same piece.

At least 1.5 acres of land is required for a CBSE school, along with some other factors like city, population, location is also important. According to the new rules of CBSE, to start a school in the metro, it should be more than 1600 square meters (0.4 acres).

How to Start a Play School

According to “The Act to Education” made by the government in 2009 under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution, education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. However, many children below the age of 6 are still deprived of the fundamental right to education. In such a situation, it becomes even more important to follow the rules made for opening a playschool.

First of all, it is necessary to decide what type of playschool will be, meaning you can choose any one of the day-care, full time, or playschool running only for few hours. 

Its budget and investment depend on its infrastructure, needs, advertising, and necessary equipment. Right now the government has also started some schemes in which women can get BMB Parvarish loans from Bhartiya Mahila Bank and Punjab National Bank to open child care centers to build their own pre-school, which is available at 12% interest and it is 5 percent. Have to pay back in years.

Teachers and other staff have to be appointed according to the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) guidelines. A Pre School Teacher should have Secondary School Certificate, or its equivalent and must have at least a one-year Diploma/Certificate as per Pre School Teacher Education Program or should have B.Ed.

Primary school open to for Guideline 

There is a great need for primary education in India, so opening primary schools here from small towns and villages to big places is not a wrong step at all.

If you want to open a primary school, then first of all there should be a trust or institution for your school, which should have at least 3 members.

For this, you can get yourself registered under the India Trust Act or Societies Registration Act. This society should be a not-for-profit organization, meaning that the profits from the school should be used for education, so that no personal benefit should be given to any member. For this, it is advisable to include only those other members who have experience related to education.

Once the trust is registered, you will need a systematic business plan, which can also be started simultaneously. Which includes details of infrastructure, capital investment, budget plan, human resources, recruitment, administration plan, other facilities, etc.

It is very important to have the documents of the land taken to start the school, you can lease or buy the land or building to start the primary school.

There are many benefits of having your own land for starting a primary school. You can make anything according to you. Which can be easily upgraded later.

How to start a Secondary School

If you already have a primary school, you can also apply for an extension of class in school. This will not only be easy, but it will not burden you with the whole class and their responsibility at once, and the school will continue to move forward one year after the other. These methods are time-consuming but reliable and low risk.

As soon as you start working on the documentation, you can also prepare the necessary legal documents like NOC and other documents required for approval. For this, you have to contact your local municipal authority, education department, and health department.

How to start a CBSE School in India

To open a CBSE school, it is necessary to meet the standards of the board, in such a situation the budget made for it is also very different from others. Apart from this, expenses for marketing, land, sports facilities can also be added.

Whether the school is CBSE, ICSE or IB board, it is mandatory for everyone to have state board affiliation. Education is a state issue, so it is mandatory for the school to have permission from the state government.

There are many franchises or brands to start a CBSE school under which one can start a school in their city from their budget like Brighton International School, DPS, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Everon, Manipal, Shamrock, Mayo College, Kangaroo Kids, etc. All of them have proper corporate offices, from where help can be taken, apart from this, they can also be contacted from their website. They also have to pay a security deposit, license fee (charged every year), and revenue share per student, these are not fixed, they all vary from institution to institution.

Once the building and staff are ready, the fees can be deposited in the local education office (District Education Office). Once inspected, they will give the necessary certificate to the society or trust. Apart from the State Board, no board permits the use of its brand name prior to inspection. One can apply for CBSE or ICSE board only after one year of school inspection, in ICSE these periods are of 3 years. Many guidelines for this are also available on the net. It can be started from 8th class also. The most difficult thing to get affiliation is to get NOC, although the process to get affiliation is completely transparent, it does not require any middle man.

CBSE already gives all the rules which can be worked out keeping in mind. Its complete manual can be downloaded from the official site of CBSE, its link is

To understand all the laws related to this, all the information is available in this link.

First of all, you have to register yourself by visiting the official website of CBSE- Land Certificate should be as per the format given in this link.

Although the list of documents required to open a school is very long ,some of the main documents that are required are- Bank Draft, Registration letter issued by the Trust/Society Managing Committee, Non-Proprietary Character of Society, NOC, Health and Sanitation Certificate, Safe drinking water (Appendix vii of affiliation by law) Building safety certificate, Balance sheet/ Financial status certified by CA for last 3 years, Salary paid through EC/Cheque, Infrastructure detail photograph (lab, top view roof of school with playground also) And photograph of boundary wall on all four sides, staff EPF deduction certificate is required.  

How to start a State Board School

Every state has its own rules and boards which conduct 10th and 12th exams. Some state governments also get boards for the 8th standard.

The advantage of starting a state board school is that it is connected to the state, so all official work is done easily. Although the method and rules for this are largely the same as for the CBSE board, some different things have to be kept in mind, which can be found by visiting the education site of your state, and the help of the District Magistrate can be taken in this. can.

Marketing and Promotion for School

Now you will need different marketing techniques for its promotion. In which online and physical promotion will be required like preparation of school website, hoardings, digital marketing, etc.

Anyway, marketing is an essential part to start any business and marketing becomes even more important for the school to attract students and parents.

Create attractive websites and billboards for your school. And promote it across the city, ads get good response. If you are upgrading the school, then also tell the achievements of the school so far in the advertisement and hoarding.

When you submit your business plan, it is also important to decide the fees in advance. You can also apply for a government grant for this.

Once you are ready for admission, then now understand the need of the parents and also do some meetings with them. Some parents have very high expectations from higher secondary school and it is very different from playschool and primary school. While the expectations of the parents of children of playschool and primary school are different, so do marketing according to the need.

 Is School Business Profitable In India 

It is easy to open a school in India but it requires a lot of investment and hard work to earn profit from it. Private schools are progressing rapidly in India, but due to increasing competition among themselves, the risk of opening schools on a small scale is also increasing. For this, if one gets work with a good franchisee, then the road becomes very easy, otherwise, the school does not get benefits for many years. There are also many legal and technical problems in distributing the profits from the school established by the trust of society.

How much Investment is required to start a school

To open a playschool anywhere in India is going to fetch a minimum of Rs 6-8 lakhs from your account. A primary school will require an investment of about Rs 8-10 lakhs. For setting up a 10+2 school, the cost can go up to Rs 2 crores.

How much land is required to start a CBSE School?

In a Metropolitan City:  a minimum requirement of 1 Acre land or 4000 sq. meter of land for operating school from pre-primary to class 12th. For operating school from pre-primary to class 10th, you need to have at least half an acre of land or 2000 sq. meters of land.
A city with a population of more than 15 Lakhs: From Pre-primary to class 12th a minimum requirement of 1 acre of land or 2047 sq. meters of land
Other Cities: A minimum of 1.5 acres of land is required to run a school in small cities based on CBSE norms.

Is starting a school a good business?

Opening a School is a Good Idea, the new school is a huge challenge. It required a business plan, construction, financing, logistics, innovative business ideas, and marketing for success.

Is owning a school profitable?

yes,running a private school is very much profitable.

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