Rani Durgavati Life History Biography In Hindi Rani Durgavati is the heroine of our country, who got martyrdom after fighting with the Mughals to protect her kingdom. She was a very brave and courageous woman, who not only took over her kingdom after the death of her husband but also fought many battles to protect the state. Talking about the history of our country, the names of many kings come to the fore in bravery and valor, but there is also a power in history that is known for its might, that is Queen Durgavati. Queen Durgavati became the heir to the kingdom of Gondwana after the death of her husband, and she ruled in Gondwana for about 15 years.
- 1 Life History of Rani Durgavati Rani Durgavati Life History In Hindi
- 1.1 The entire life of Rani Durgavati is based on the following points-
- 1.2 honor of queen durgavati
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Life History of Rani Durgavati Rani Durgavati Life History In Hindi
The life introduction points of Rani Durgavati are shown in the following table-
|number.NS.||life introduction point||Life introduction|
|2.||Birth||5 October 1524|
|3.||birth place||Kalinjar Fort (Banda, Uttar Pradesh)|
|8.||fame||Ruler of Gondwana State, Veerangana|
|9.||death||24 June 1564|
|10.||land of work||India|
|11.||special contribution||He built many temples, monasteries, wells and dharamshalas.|
|12.||place of death||Maharashtra|
The entire life of Rani Durgavati is based on the following points-
- Birth and early life of Rani Durgavati
- The Marriage and Life of Rani Durgavati
- Queen Durgavati’s reign
- Rani Durgavati and Akbar
- Battle of Rani Durgavati
- Death and Samadhi of Queen Durgavati
- honor of queen durgavati
Birth and early life of Rani Durgavati
Rani Durgavati was born on 5 October 1524 in the family of famous Rajput Chandel emperor Kirat Rai. He was born in the Kalinjar Fort of the Chandela dynasty, which is located in present-day Banda, Uttar Pradesh. His father was the greatest ruler of the Chandela dynasty, he was very famous mainly for some things. He was one of the Indian rulers who drove Mahmud of Ghazni into battle. He was the builder of the world famous Khajuraho temples located in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is currently a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Rani Durgavati was born on the day of Durgashtami, hence she was named Durgavati. Just like his name, his brilliance, courage, bravery and beauty were famous all around. Philosophical sites of Khujraho Read about here.
Rani Durgavati was very fond of archery, fencing since childhood. His interest was especially in hunting lions and cheetahs. He also had a good practice of the gun. He was also very fond of listening and reading heroic and courageous stories. Rani also learned horse riding in her childhood. The queen used to spend more time with her father, she also went hunting with him as well as learned the duties of the state from her father, and later she used to help her father in his work. His father was also proud of his daughter because the queen was full of all virtues. In this way his early life was very good.
The Marriage and Life of Rani Durgavati
After Rani Durgavati was eligible for marriage, her father started looking for a suitable prince for her daughter from among the princes of the Rajput kings for her marriage. On the other hand Durgavati was very impressed by Dalpat Shah’s valor and courage and wanted to marry him. But the queen’s father did not accept this due to her being a Gond caste, not a Rajput. Dalpat Shah’s father was Sangram Shah who was the ruler of Garha Mandla. Presently it is included as Jabalpur, Damoh, Narsinghpur, Mandla and Hoshangabad districts. Impressed by the fame of Rani Durgavati, Sangram Shah wanted to make her his daughter-in-law. For this, he defeated the father of Rani Durgavati by fighting in Kalinjar. As a result, in 1542, Raja Kirat Rai got his daughter Rani Durgavati married to Dalpat Shah.
After the marriage of Rani Durgavati and Dalpat Shah, the Gonds allied with the Chandela kingdom of Bundelkhand, a befitting reply to Sher Shah Suri, who attacked Kalinjar in 1545. Sher Shah was very powerful, despite the alliance of the states of central India, he was very successful in his efforts, but he died in an accidental gunpowder explosion. In the same year, Rani Durgavati gave birth to her son, who was named Veer Narayan. After this, Raja Dalpat Shah died in 1550. Then Veer Narayan was only 5 years old. After the death of her husband, Queen Durgavati herself became the ruler of the state by placing her son Veer Narayan on the throne.
Queen Durgavati’s reign
After Rani Durgavati became the ruler of Gondwana kingdom, she shifted her capital Singaurgarh Fort which is presently in Singrampur located near Damoh district, to Chauragarh Fort which is presently in Gadarwara located near Narsinghpur district. He made his kingdom a safe place by placing his kingdom between hills, forests and streams. She was a generous patron of learning and managed to build a large and well equipped army. Under his rule, the face of the state changed, he built many temples, buildings and dharamshalas in his state. At that time his kingdom had become very prosperous and prosperous.
After the death of Sher Shah Suri, in 1556, Sujat Khan subjugated Malwa because Sher Shah Suri’s son Baz Bahadur was a great patron of the arts and did not pay much attention to his kingdom. After that Sujat Khan attacked the kingdom of Queen Durgavati, thinking that she was a woman, her kingdom could easily be snatched away. But on the contrary, Rani Durgavati won the war and after winning the war, she was honored by the countrymen and her popularity increased. The kingdom of Rani Durgavati was very prosperous. Even the subjects of his kingdom began to meet the rent through gold coins. In this way his reign was going very well.
Rani Durgavati and Akbar
A subedar of Akbar, Khwaja Abdul Majeed Khan, who was known as Asaf Khan, had his eyes in the kingdom of Rani Durgavati. At that time the kingdom of Rani Durgavati was touching the border of Rewa and Malwa. Rewa was under Asaf Khan and Malwa was under Adham Khan, son of Maham Anga, the mother of Akbar. Asaf Khan instigated Akbar a lot against Rani Durgavati and Akbar also came in his words and wanted to usurp the kingdom of Rani Durgavati and make the queen the beauty of his runway. Akbar wrote a letter to the queen to start the fight, in which he asked to send the queen’s favorite elephant Sarman and her confidant Wazir Aadhar Singh to him. On this the queen rejected this demand, then Akbar ordered Asaf Khan to attack in Mandla. biography of jodha akbar Read on to know about.
Battle of Rani Durgavati
In 1562, Asaf Khan decided to attack in Mandla, the kingdom of Rani Durgavati. But when Rani Durgavati heard about his plans, she decided and made a plan to protect her kingdom. One of his diwan told that we are nothing compared to the strength of the Mughal army. But the queen said that it is better to die with honor than to live a life of shame. Then they decided to fight and a war broke out between them.
To fight a defensive battle, Rani Durgavati reached near Narai Nala in Jabalpur district, which was situated between a range of mountains on one side and Narmada and Gaur rivers on the other. It was an unequal battle as, on the one hand, there was a crowd of trained soldiers with modern weapons and on the other there were some untrained soldiers with old weapons. Arjun Das, a faujdar of Rani Durgavati, died in the battle, then the queen decided to lead herself to the defense of the army. When the enemies entered the valley, the queen’s soldiers attacked them. Many soldiers on both sides were killed but Rani Durgavati remained victorious in this battle. She came out of the valley chasing the Mughal army.
After 2 years in 1564, Asaf Khan again decided to attack the kingdom of Rani Durgavati. Rani also started strategizing with her advisors. The queen wanted to attack the enemies at night because people live comfortably at that time but one of her associates did not accept her offer. In the morning Asaf Khan had deployed big guns. Queen Durgavati came to fight riding on her elephant Sarman. His son Veer Narayan also joined this fight. The queen forced the Mughal army to return three times, but this time she was injured and reached a safe place. Her son Veer Narayan was seriously injured in this battle, then the queen, not getting distracted, asked her soldiers to take Narayan to a safe place, and they started fighting again.
Rani Durgavati Death and her Samadhi –
Rani Durgavati was badly injured while fighting with the Mughal army. On June 24, 1524, during the battle, an arrow passed through her ear and an arrow pierced her neck and she lost consciousness. At that time they started feeling that now they will not be able to win this battle. One of his advisors advised him to leave the war and go to a safe place, but he refused to go and told him that it is better to kill yourself than to die at the hands of enemies. The queen told one of her soldiers that you kill me, but that soldier did not think it right to kill his master, so he refused to kill the queen. Then the queen struck her own sword in her chest and she died. currently on this day “sacrifice day“ is known as. Thus a brave queen, knowing the strength of the Mughals, did not hesitate to fight even once, and fought against the enemies till her last breath. Before her death, Rani Durgavati ruled for about 15 years.
Some sources say that this last battle of Rani Durgavati, which took place in 1564, took place at Singrampur, which is currently located in Damoh district of Madhya Pradesh. The Gond kingdom was very sad after the death of Rani Durgavati, but the courage and valor of the queen is remembered even today. The body of Queen Dugavati fell in the hills situated between Mandla and Jabalpur, so at present her tomb has been built in Barela situated between Mandla and Jabalpur where people still go for darshan.
honor of queen durgavati
At present, many places have been built in honor of Rani Durgavati.
- In the honor of Rani Durgavati, the University of Jabalpur was changed to “Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya” by the Madhya Pradesh government in 1983 in her memory.
- The Government of India issued a postage stamp to pay homage to Rani Durgavati on the day of her death on 24 June 1988.
- In the memory of Rani Durgavati, her samadhi was built in Barela, located between Jabalpur and Mandla.
- Apart from this, there are Rani Dugavati Kirti Stambh, Rani Durgavati Museum and Memorial, and Rani Dugavati Sanctuary throughout Bundelkhand.
- Madan Mohan Fort is located in Jabalpur, which was the residence of Rani Durgavati after her marriage.
- Apart from this, during her reign, Rani Durgavati built Cherital in the name of her maid in Jabalpur, Ranital in her name and Aadhar Tal in the name of her most trusted confidant Wazir Aadhara Singh.
In this way, the brave queen Durgavati sacrificed her life while facing the enemies with her courage and bravery in the war.
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