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Mission Indradhanush Mission

by Sudhir kumar

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Mission Indradhanush Mission Mission Indradhanush in hindi

Mission Indradhanush CampaignIt is a mission launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The main objective of this “Mission Indradhanush”, similar to the seven colors of the rainbow, is to vaccinate all children who are not vaccinated or who have not been properly vaccinated to prevent seven types of diseases. This mission was launched on 25 December 2014 by the Union Health Minister J.P. It was launched by Nadda on the occasion of Good Governance Day, which is the birth date of India’s Freedom Fighter Late “Shri Madan Mohan Malviya Ji” and former Prime Minister “Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ji”.

mission-indradhanush-launch

Mission Indradhanush vaccination program –

Vaccinations are said to have increased from just 61% to 65% during the period from 2009 to 2013. This means that during the last seven years there has been an increase of only 1% in each year, which is very less considering the increasing population every year. Apart from this it is seen that some diseases, which have become the cause of death of a large number of children in the country. Which can be prevented by vaccination. “Mission Indradhanush”, has been started to increase the speed of this vaccination process. Whose main goal is to bring all the children of the country under this mission by the year 2020.

It is planned to provide vaccination for seven diseases, which can be prevented by vaccine, those seven diseases are as follows-

  1. diphtheria
  2. Whooping cough
  3. hepatitis B
  4. Tetanus
  5. polio
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Measles

Apart from this, vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) are also to be provided in the selected states under this mission.

Some important things related to Mission Indradhanush (Information about Mission Indradhanush) –

Some of the main things related to Mission Indradhanush are as follows-

Order. Point Headlines
1. Mission Name Mission Indradhanush
2. mission area for health
3. mission launch date 25 December 2014
4. manager ministry Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
5. Union Health Minister J. P. Nadda
6. mission launched J. by P. Nadda

About Mission Indradhanush

The focused and systematic immunization mission is based on a “catch up” campaign mode, which aims to cover all children who have missed out or have been left out for vaccination. Mission Indradhanush is being run in 2 phases.

  • First phase of Mission Indradhanush

For the first phase of Mission Indradhanush, the Government of India identified partially immunized and unimmunized children in 201 districts in 28 states across India. The first phase of Mission Indradhanush started on 7 April 2015, which lasted for more than a week. This phase is divided into 4 parts. The first part started on 7th April, apart from this the second, third and fourth part started on 7th of the month of May, June and July which was conducted for more than 1 week.

Some of the main facts related to the first phase of Mission Indradhanush are as follows-

  • A total of 9.4 lakh sessions were organized in these four parts of the first phase of Mission Indradhanush.
  • Under this mission 75 lakh children were vaccinated, out of which 20 lakh children were fully vaccinated. And more than 20 lakh pregnant women were given tetanus toxoid vaccines.
  • To prevent diseases like diarrhoea, more than 57 lakh zinc tablets and more than 16 lakh ORS packets were distributed free of cost to all children.
  • Phase II of Mission Indradhanush

For the second phase of Mission Indradhanush, 352 districts across the country were selected by the Government of India. Out of which 279 are medium focus districts and the remaining 73 are high focus districts of the first phase. The second phase of Mission Indradhanush started on 7 October 2015. This phase was also divided into 4 parts, in which the second part started on 7 November 2015, the third part started on 7 December 2015 and the fourth part started on 7 January 2016.

Some of the main facts related to the second phase of Mission Indradhanush are as follows-

  • In the second phase of this mission 37 lakh children were covered, out of which 10 lakh were those who were not fully vaccinated and 9 lakh pregnant women were vaccinated against tetanus toxoid.
  • 73 districts which were high focus districts of the first phase were re-visited as 50% of the population could not be met in their target during the first phase.
  • Under this mission, all those children who have been left out of vaccination are to be covered.
  • Phase III of Mission Indradhanush

The Union Health Ministry announced the third phase of Mission Indradhanush. After the success of the first and second phase, the third phase started on 7 April 2016. During this phase 216 districts of several states including Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh were covered. In Phase I and II, about 39 lakh children who were partially vaccinated or who missed out on vaccination were fully vaccinated.

In this way, according to the Government of India, by the year 2020, all the children of India who have not been vaccinated or partially vaccinated, have to be fully immunized and protected from 7 types of diseases.

Selected areas under Mission Indradhanush

The target of Mission Indradhanush is to cover 201 districts for the first phase of the mission and 297 districts for the second phase in 2015. Meanwhile, in the first phase of the mission, about 50% of the children in 201 high focus districts who are not vaccinated or partially vaccinated were covered. Out of 201 districts, 82 districts are from only four states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. There are about 25% of children who are not fully vaccinated. They come under 82 districts of these 4 states of India.

Within these districts, the 4,00,000 high risk settlements identified by the Polio Eradication Program are to be addressed during the mission. These are areas that have not been fully vaccinated due to geographic, demographic, ethnic and other operational challenges. Sources have revealed that most of the children who have not been fully vaccinated have been found in these areas.

The following areas have been targeted by the Special Immunization Mission-

High risk areas were identified through the Polio Eradication Program. The population living in these areas is as follows-

  • Urban slums with migration
  • Nomads
  • Brick Kilns
  • Construction Site
  • Other migrants like fishermen’s villages and river bank areas etc.
  • Far-flung areas with less access to service such as living in forest areas and tribal areas etc.
  • Areas with low routine vaccination like measles areas etc.
  • Vacant sub-station areas: Where no ANM is posted for more than 3 months.
  • Areas missed by routine vaccination
  • There are some areas like small villages, settlements, Dhanis or Purbas clubbed which are linked with other villages for routine immunization sessions and do not have separate routine immunization sessions.

Districts under Mission Indradhanush

Under Mission Indradhanush, total districts of 28 states of India have been covered under 2 phases-

  • 201 districts have been covered under the first phase.
  • 352 districts have been covered under the second phase.

Strategy for Mission Indradhanush (Indradhanush vaccination schedule)

Mission Indradhanush is a national immunization program to strengthen key functional areas across the country and ensure high immunization, with special attention to the districts where immunization is low.

Comprehensive strategy, based on evidence and best practices, will include 4 elements-

  • Careful planning of campaigns at all levels : To ensure the availability of adequate vaccinated and all vaccines during the routine immunization campaign, small schemes have to be improved in all the blocks and urban areas of each district. More than 4,00,000 High Risk Settlement Areas with Migration like Urban Slums, Nomads, Brick Kilns, Construction Sites etc. have to prepare a special plan to reach out to the children.
  • Effective communication and social mobilization efforts : To increase awareness and demand for immunization services through a strategy of need based communication and to increase community participation in routine immunization programs through communication media, intermediary media, people-to-people communication, schools, youth networks and corporate social have to make an effort.
  • Intensive training of health officers and frontline workers To enhance the capacity of health officials and frontline workers in routine immunization activities for quality immunization services.
  • Developing an Accountability Framework by Task Forces : Immunization in all districts of the country by strengthening the district task forces, increasing the responsibility of the district administration and health machinery and using the Concurrent Session Monitoring data to bridge the gaps in the implementation on a today’s basis.

Mission Indradhanush guidelines –

  • All districts have to be covered to make vaccination faster and better.
  • This vaccination drive has a thrust on “catch up” campaign which means that all children who are not fully vaccinated or who are partially vaccinated are to be targeted for vaccination.
  • This process has been used in the successful implementation of the Pulse Polio program which is to be implemented in this mission.
  • For the successful implementation of Mission Indradhanush, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare took cooperation from UNICEF, WHO, International Rotary and other donor partners.

In this way Mission Indradhanush is being run across the country.

Update –

5/9/2018

A State Steering Committee meeting has been organized for Extend Mission Indradhanush under Gram Swaraj Yojana for Aspirational District (Kipshire) and Measles-Rubella Vaccination Campaign. The meeting was held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Temjen Toy on 16 August in the Conference Hall of the Chief Secretary. According to DIPR, NITI Aayog has identified 115 aspirational districts in India under Mission Indradhanush. One of them is Kipshire district. And 16 villages have been selected by MoHFW. Vaccination sessions will be conducted in the entire district in 3 phases from July to September 2018.

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