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Maharaja Gangadhar Rao Biography History

by Sudhir kumar

Maharaja Gangadhar Rao Biography and History | Maharaja Gangadhar Rao biography, history in hindi

The names that come to mind with the name of Jhansi are Rani Lakshmi Bai But the name of her husband, who supported Lakshmi Bai in her journey from Manu to Jhansi ki Rani, has been largely forgotten. But upon reaching Jhansi, it is known about the umbrella of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, due to which it is natural to arouse curiosity about Lakshmibai’s husband. This umbrella has been made by Laxmibai. It is one of the important historical places of Jhansi. In fact, before Rani Lakshmi Bai, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar was the Maharaja of Jhansi, Jhansi, which is now in Uttar Pradesh, then used to be a part of Bundelkhand, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao was a just, popular and efficient ruler.

Maharaja Gangadhar Rao

History of Gangadhar Rao (Maharaja Gangadhar Rao history in hindi))

Gangadhar Rao’s father’s name was Shiv Rao Bhau, who was a descendant of Raghunath Hari Newalkar, the first ruler of Jhansi. The ancestors of Gangadhar Rao came from Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. During the reign of the Peshwas, some of them went to Khandesh and there the Peshwas and Holkars started working in important positions in the army. Raghunath Hari Newalkar established the Maratha Empire in Budelkhand, and when he started getting old, he handed over Jhansi to his younger brother Shiv Rao Bhau. After the death of Raghunath Rao III in 1838, the British rulers declared his younger brother Gangadhar Rao as the king of Jhansi in 1843.

Qualities of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao (Maharaja Gangadhar Rao of Jhansi)

Gangadhar was a capable ruler, when Gangadhar Rao got power, then the economic condition of Jhansi was not so good, but Gangadhar improved the economic condition of Jhansi a lot with his efficient management. He took appropriate decisions for the development of Jhansi. He also led an army of 5000. She was intelligent, diplomatic and interested in art and culture. The British were also admirers of his political qualities. Gangadhar Rao was also a scholar, he had great knowledge of Sanskrit script and many Sanskrit books and architecture related books of Jhansi were included in his library.

How did Gangadhar get the rule of Jhansi?? (How did Gangadhar get the rule of Jhansi?)

Ramachandra Rao had no children. He adopted Krishna Rao’s son. Till that time, the adoption of Krishna Rao was not recognized in the scriptures and the pundits. Due to this, Raghunath Rao, the uncle of Ramachandra Rao, was made the king, Raghunath Rao proved to be an incompetent ruler, due to him the economic condition of Jhansi started weakening. For this reason, in 1837, the British rulers snatched the power from them and took it in their hands. After the death of Raghunath Rao, the question arose again, who should be handed over the power of Jhansi, in such a situation, there were 4 names in which it seemed like Raghunath Rao’s younger brother Gangadhar Rao, Rama Chandra Rao’s adopted son Krishna Rao, Raghunath Ali Bahadur, son of Rao’s queen and Raghunath’s maid Gajra. For this, a commission was made, in which Gangadhar Rao was given the power of Jhansi considering him as the most suitable candidate, but the British had kept some rights with them and gave Gangadhar the right to rule completely because during the reign of Raghunath Rao, Jhansi had some power. The debt was done, so the British decided that until they got the full money, they would keep their interference in the rule of Jhansi.

Gangadhar Rao and his kingdom

Raja Gangadhar Rao was a capable ruler, so after getting the power, when he married Manikarnika, within a few years, he removed all the debt of the British and for this he considered the auspicious steps of his queen responsible. And when all the debt was cleared, there was talk of re-taking the rule of Jhansi, the political agents of Bundelkhand conveyed this to their British rulers. Then the British agreed to return Jhansi completely, only on the condition that Gangadhar would have to keep a British army in his state keeping in mind the need of the British, and would also have to bear its expenses. Gangadhar had to accept this condition despite not wanting to be under the circumstances, for this he kept Rs 2,27,458 separately. Apart from this, he also kept 2 army teams under him.

After all these problems were over, Gangadhar organized a big event in this happiness, in which the political agent announced to give him 30 lakh rupees and also gave many valuable gifts. Presented gifts.

Gangadhar did many things to organize Jhansi, he appointed some qualified and experienced ministers for administration. Then he organized his army and ensured the security of Jhansi from all sides. In this way, Jhansi developed a lot in a very short time. Maharaj Gangadhar Rao was very fond of elephants and horses. they had many elephants and horses

Gandhara Rao and the pilgrimage

Once Maharaja Gangadhar Rao thought of going on a pilgrimage after ensuring the arrangements for the state and administration, he informed the Governor General. The British government arranged for him to travel. He along with his wife started the pilgrimage on Magh Shukla Saptami in 1907. In this religious journey he reached Varanasi via Gaya, Prayag. Varanasi was the birth place of Rani Laxmi Bai, the Maharaj was very pleased to reach here, at this place Lakshmi Bai and her husband offered many prayers, donated and did other religious works. Then he returned to Jhansi and here he organized a big festival for a successful religious journey.

Gangadhar Rao’s self-respect and the reverence of the British rulers in him

During the religious visit of Gangadhar, a British officer was in Varanasi at one place.He could not recognize him, on which self-respecting Gangadhar became very angry with him, then that officer apologized to him, and the king also forgave him. Punished him, which Rajendra Babu complained to the British officers, in response to which that officer said that Gangadhar Rao is a great king, it is everyone’s duty to respect him, if you do not respect him then it is natural to get punished. In this way, the British also respected the self-respecting nature of King Gangadhar Rao. Another interesting thing related to his nature is that when he had agreed to keep a British army in Jhansi, he had also put a condition in front of the British that every year on the day of Dussehra, these British soldiers would salute them, and once Dussehra. Due to Sunday being a holiday, the British military officer sent information that he would not be able to attend the parade, then Raja Gangadhar Rao immediately reached the soldiers’ place and asked them for an explanation, the British officers had to apologize for this. Rao’s dominance is revealed.

Gangadhar Rao gets son Ratna (Gangadhar Rao’s son)

In 1851, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao and Rani Lakshmi Bai gave birth to a boy, the happiness of the Maharaja and the Queen knew no bounds. In the state, it was celebrated as a festival, the whole of Jhansi was decorated and wealth was distributed among the poor and Brahmins. The Maharaj started considering himself rich and was very grateful that his descendant had taken birth but the creator had something else. It was approved that this son of his left the world after 4 months.

Gangadhar Rao’s son mourns and illness (Gangadhar Rao’s sickness)

Gangadhar Rao’s illness Gangadhar became very sad due to the loss of his son, his health also started deteriorating and finally he became very ill. Despite many treatments and efforts, there was no improvement in his health. In October 1853, he was worshiping his Kuldevi during Navaratri, when his health suddenly deteriorated and by the day of Dussehra, he was suffering from acute dysentery. It was discovered, all the big doctors of Jhansi were called, but all were disappointed. The British diplomats of Jhansi also made arrangements and informed the British government in this regard. When all the efforts seemed to be in vain, then the period of prayer to God began and necessary Yagyas, chanting and other religious activities were organized. But by the third week of November, his condition deteriorated very much.

Gangadhar Rao and the concern of the successor (New king of Jhansi)

in his last moments when Prime Minister Narasimha Rao asked about the successor of the state, then he said that although he thinks that he will still be fine, but keeping in mind his religion and duty, he wants to adopt a son. In our family, Vasudev Newalkar has a son named Anand Rao, I want to make him my adopted son. Anand Rao was only 5 years old at that time. Rani Lakshmibai also agreed for this, for this one day it was ensured that Pandit Vinayak Rao completed all the adoption process with religious rituals. After adoption, Anand Rao’s name was changed to Damodar Gangadhar Rao. The traditional adoption ceremony was attended by all the dignitaries of the state and British diplomat Major Ellis of Bundelkhand and Captain Martin, an officer of the local British Army.

Gangadhar Rao’s last letter to the British Government

When the Maharaja completed all the state adoption procedures, he himself wrote a letter to the British government that “The whole of Europe knows about the services done by my ancestors for Bundelkhand before the British government came. All political enumerators know how faithfully I have followed the orders of the government. Now I am afraid that I am suffering from incurable disease, so my lineage is on the verge of ending completely. Till now I have always given my services to the British government and the government has also taken care of my interests, so I want to inform the government that the name of the 5 year old boy I have declared as my adopted son is Anand Rao. But from now on he will be known as Damodar Gangadhar Rao. This child is a member of our family, and is my grandson in kinship. I hope that by the grace of the Lord and the care of the government, I will get well soon, and considering my age, it is possible that in future I will get the son Ratna, and if this happens then the whole issue will be returned at that time. Will be thought, but if I am not able to avoid this disease now, then I hope that the government will protect this little child of mine and will take care of the services I have done so far for this. As long as my wife is alive she will be the guardian of this kingdom and my son. She will be the administrator of this entire state, so you should ensure that after my departure, my wife does not face any problem while ruling Jhansi.

After writing the entire letter, Maharaj handed over this letter to Major Ellis and reminded him repeatedly that his kingdom should be allowed to continue as per tradition even after his departure. Because of this, when Gangadhar was handing over this letter to the Major, his throat was filled with emotion. The Major politely tried to assure the king, “Your Majesty, after giving your letter to the government, I will try my best to convey your message to him.”

Gangadhar’s last moments (Gangadhar Rao death)

When Gangadhar handed over the letter to Major Ellis, he fainted soon after. Major Ellis and Captain Martin gave him medicine and returned. Maharani Lakshmi Bai came and sat beside her husband in the background and the king fell asleep due to medicine and at 4 o’clock in the night the king opened his eyes, then the subjects had gathered in front of the palace to wish the good health of their beloved king. But the good wishes of the subjects and the running of Major Ellis and calling the British doctor did not work anywhere because the king refused to take English treatment and on the midnight of 20 November 1853, the Maharaja gave up his body.

Name Gangadhar Rao
Father Shiv Rao Bhau
big brother Raghunath Rao
Wife Manikarnika
Son Damodar Gangadhar Rao
Ancestor Maratha
government area Jhansi in Bundelkhand
skill Skilled Diplomat, Ruler, Warrior, Some Leadership Ability
Speciality People-beloved, scholar, strong politician, religious attitude, self-respect and a sense of respect among the British

cause to be famous

Maharaja of Jhansi

Husband of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi

Hobby elephant and horse hobby
cause of death dysentery
Death 20 November 1853
memorial site Gangadhar Rao’s umbrella, Jhansi

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