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What is Kisan Bill (Agriculture Law) 2021, importance essay farmer movement


Kisan Bill (Agriculture Law)) What is 2021, Essay (What are three Agriculture Bills, Arthias, Farmers, State Protest Reasons, Advantages, Disadvantages) Farmers Movement (Agriculture Farm amendment Bill, Trade, Traders, Markets Fees)

Harsimrat Kaur Badal, who fought for the rights of farmers, resigned from the Modi cabinet on the evening of September 2020. He gave this information from his Twitter account. Harsimrat Kaur Josh is the only Union Minister of Shiromani Akali Dal and held the entire portfolio of food processing industry. Harsimrat Kaur is also sitting on the seat of MP from Punjab Bhatinda Lok Sabha. He took this decision to register in protest against the ordinance passed against the farmers, he told this through a post on his Twitter account. On the morning of 18 September 2020, President Ram Nath Kovind accepted the resignation of Harsimrat Kaur Badal.

farmers protest day (black day)

After the Krishi Kisan Bill was introduced by the Central Government in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha last year, it was also passed by the President. After which it became law. But farmers in different states of the country are against this law, and are protesting. Recently, this protest had cooled down due to the Corona epidemic. But this protest has started again with the Corona cases decreasing. Once again the opposition has started supporting the farmers. The Kisan Sangathan, along with 12 opposition parties, has decided to celebrate the Farmer’s Protest Day on 26 May. And has called upon his Kisna brothers to oppose the Kisna law throughout the day. Now it has to be seen what color this protest shows in the midst of this corona epidemic.

Kisan Bill (Agriculture Law) 2021

Resignation from Union Minister Harsimrat Kaur

The portfolio of ministerial post which was with Harsimrat Kaur ji has been given to Narendra Singh Tomar. Harsimrat Kaur Badal’s husband Sukhbir Singh Badal also spoke in the Lok Sabha against the bill issued for the farmers, he also said that all these bills issued can ruin the agriculture of Punjab. Harsimrat Kaur, while supporting the farmers, said in her 4-page resignation letter that every Akali is a farmer and every farmer is an Akali.

What are the three agriculture bill laws (Kisan Bill) –

Three ordinances have been passed by the central government which were turned into law, due to which Harsimrat Kaur decided to resign. Listed below are three ordinances that were recently converted into law during the monsoon session of the Lok Sabha.

  • Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020
  • Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Contract Bill 2020 on Price Assurance and Agricultural Services
  • The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020

After the passing of these three bills, farmers fear that they will be taken out of the list of Minimum Support Price (MSP), due to which the brokers (arhatiyas) working among the farmers will not be able to get the commission. According to Punjab Agriculture University, there are about 12 lakh such families. In Punjab, who work as more than 28 thousand registered arhtiyas.

On whom will the Agriculture Bill Kisan Bill affect –

If the above mentioned rules are changed in the Act, then 12 lakh families of Punjab will stop getting MSP, due to which the economy of Punjab will be greatly affected because most of the families are able to feed their families only because of MSP. If the above-mentioned ordinances are passed, then the farmers, arhatiyas living in Punjab and the government of the state are going to suffer a lot. Due to these reasons, the rules issued by the government are being opposed continuously in Punjab.

Where is the opposition to the Agriculture Bill, the Kisan Bill

Ever since the Government of India has made a law by passing the Agriculture Bill, the Kisan Bill, the news of its opposition is being heard a lot. Let us tell you that the biggest opposition to the Agriculture Bill is happening in Punjab and Haryana. Now this raises the question that why this bill is being opposed the most in only these states of the country, whereas its effect is visible very little in Bihar and UP. So let us tell you that this is because the farmers of Punjab and Haryana have their own identity, where their ethnic identity is strongest. While in Bihar and UP, 70% of the population is associated with agriculture, but the farmers are not yet aware of the right way about this bill. Apart from this, packs are also not active here.

Why is there opposition to the Agriculture Bill, the Kisan Bill?

After examining all the things, it has come to the fore that the farmers are very angry about the first of the three bills (Farmers Producer Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance 2020), which they are continuously opposing. Mainly what the farmer is worried about is the trade area, trader and market fees.

Why is the farmer against the first ordinance?

What is Trade Area?

Till now markets are made under APMC in most of the states. The APMC Act is brought by the state government, which means that the state government makes the APMC market in its state. Till now, whatever trade happens between farmers and traders, it happens in these APMC mandi. In today’s time the trade area is the APMC Mandi. Now the new ordinance that has come has changed the definition of trade area.

Now farmers say that the format of APMC so far was very good, due to this every recession was seeing at least 200 to 300 villages. Now in the new ordinance that has come, these mandis have been removed, due to which only big buyers will benefit in future.

Till now the farmer used to take his grain to the APMC mandi, then there the commission agent used to buy it and sell it further. Now if the system of APMC mandi is completely removed, then those who are corporate will make their own small mandi from place to place, which will benefit the farmers in the beginning, but in the future they will suffer. But the government is saying that it is giving freedom to the farmers, that they can choose the market according to their wish and sell the grain there.

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Why is the farmer against the second ordinance?

Who is the trader (Trader) –

The definition of trader has been changed in the second ordinance. Now processor, exporter, wholesaler, miller and retailer have also been added to this. The protesting farmers say that they have faith in the Arthias, the commission agent is licensed by the state government. If the government trusts them, then we can also trust them. Before giving the license, the government collects the complete information of those commission agents and gives the license only after investigation. But due to the new rule that has come now, apart from the commission agent, all these people will also be able to work, who will not even have a proper license. In such a situation, these farmers will have to face such fraud people going forward. This is the second reason of protest, which is a big reason for all the commission agents who earn through it. Because with this new rule, the economics will also have to suffer a lot.

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Why is the farmer against the third ordinance?

What is Market Fee –

In the new ordinance, the market fees charged in many ways have been completely removed. This new rule is not acceptable to the protester at all, while opposing it, he has said that suppose there is a transaction in the market, in which you charge 8.5 market fees for 1 quintal of wheat, then it is Rs.164. So this means that whatever transaction happens outside the recession, the big corporate will get a big benefit. Here our point is proved that farmers, commission agents and the state government will be affected by the new rule.

The provision of market fee will harm the state, the provision of trade area will harm the farmers and the provision of trader will harm the economy. This is a big problem, which all the protesters are talking about.

In this way, the farmers of the country have come out on the road with this ordinance, they want the government to withdraw this bill. Many states are standing with the central government, and many are standing against them.

2021-2022 Rabi Crop Minimum Support Price List –

Let us know what is the Rabi Crop 2020-2021 Minimum Support Price List and see its complete table below.

Crop – Wheat

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 1925 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 1975 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 960 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 50
  • Over Cost (%) – 106

Crop – Barley

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 1525 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 1600 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 971 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 75
  • Over Cost (%) – 65

Crop – Chana Dal

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 4875 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 5100 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 2866 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 225
  • Over Cost (%) – 78

Crop – Masoor Dal

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 4800 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 5100 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 2864 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 300
  • Over Cost (%) – 78

Crop – Mustard

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 4425 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 4650 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 2415 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 225
  • Over Cost (%) – 93

Crop – Safflower Farming

  • MSP for RMS 2020-21 – 5215 per quintal
  • MSP for RMS 2021-22 – 5327 per quintal
  • Cost of Production 2021-22 – 3551 per quintal
  • Absolute increase in MSP – Rs 112
  • Cost over (%) – 50

Rumor and truth related to farmer’s heart –

What will happen to the minimum support price?

Lie Under the new Kisan Bill, it has been decided to provide minimum support price to the farmers.
truth : Whereas the Kisan Bill has no relation with the Minimum Support Price nor will it have any effect on it. Not only this, MSP is being given and in future, its benefits will continue to be given to the farmer brothers and sisters.

What will happen to the markets?

Lie : With the introduction of this bill, now it will gradually end in the market.
truth : With the introduction of this bill, there will be no impact on the system of the market and just as the work is being done today, the work will continue to be done through the market in future also.

Is the bill anti-farmer?

Lie : Kisan Bill has been created only to harm the farmers and against the farmers.
truth : With the introduction of this bill, the farmer brothers and sisters will now be able to do the business of their crops with the direct food processing companies and under this bill, farmers can live in any corner of India without any restrictions or rules. They would be free to sell their crops.

Will big companies exploit?

Lie : Big companies will exploit the farmers according to their own accord by luring them and imposing restrictions on them.
truth : The farmer will be able to do business with any company at a fixed price and he will not be compelled in any way for his fields. The farmer can break his contract at any time in the free manner made by the company and for this he will not have to pay any kind of penalty.

Will farmers’ land be snatched?

Lie : People believe that the land of the farmers will go under the control of their husbands.
Truth: It has been clearly stated in the new Kisan Bill, that there is no place in the bill in the whole way, that is, it is prohibited. The land of the farmers will always remain for them and there will be no loss of any kind on their interest.

Are farmers at a loss?

Lie : With the introduction of the Kisan Bill, only big corporates will benefit and this will only harm the crops and economic income of the farmers.
truth : Today, in many states of our country, farmers, brothers and sisters, together with big corporations, are doing advanced production of crops like sugarcane, tea and coffee. With the introduction of this bill, now the small farmer brothers and sisters will also be able to earn more profit than before and they will get the benefit of agricultural work with technical and a sure profit.

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Q: What is Agriculture Bill?

Ans: The government has made such a law in which now traders and farmers will be able to sell their grains outside the APMC market outside. In this, farmers will be able to sell wherever traders give a good price outside the market, their restriction of selling food grains in the market itself will end.

Q: What is APMC Mandi?

Ans: Farmers did not get a good price for their produce, to solve the problem of which the APMC Act was made in 1970, in which the Agricultural Marketing Committee was formed. This committee buys food grains from farmers at a good and fixed price.

Q: Why is the agriculture bill being opposed?

Ans: Farmers and Arthias feel that if the purchase of food grains is stopped in the mandi, then outside traders will get more benefits. Farmers may be benefited in the beginning, but later on, the traders will give the price of the grain at their own discretion.

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