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Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan

by Sudhir kumar

Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan | Jayaprakash Narayan (Lok Nayak) Biography in hindi

India is a democratic country, the beauty here is in the difference here. Whenever there is any kind of threat to the democracy here, revolutions take place and democracy is made free again. The Emergency issued by Indira Gandhi was one such democratic threat. At this time Jayaprakash Narayan had expressed his strong protest against this decision of the government. His name is the name of revolution in Indian politics. People also call him JP. Patna airport in Bihar has been named after him. Here special things related to his life are being described.

Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan Early Life

He was born on 11 October 1903 in Sitabdiara in the immediate Saran district of Bihar. His house was situated on the banks of Ghaghra river in Lala Tola, where floods keep coming every day. Because of this, their house is affected by floods in some way or the other. Because of this, his family moved away from this place in childhood and moved a few kilometers further, this immediate place now falls in Uttar Pradesh. He was born in a Kayastha family. His father’s name was Harshu Dayala and mother’s name was Phool Rani Devi. His father was working in the canal department of the state government.

Jay Prakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan Education

When he was 9 years old, at the same time he came to Patna and got himself enrolled in the seventh class. It was during his school days that he started reading magazines like Saraswati, Prabha and Pratap. At the same time he read a book like Bharat Bharati. He started reading the works of great writers like Maithilisharan Gupta and Bharatendu Harishchandra, which used to describe the heroic tales of many Rajput heroes. at the same time he Priceless words of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Shri Krishna studied. Due to this there was a lot of development in his intellectual ability and he wrote an essay titled ‘The Present State of Hinchi in Bihar’. This essay received the ‘Best Assay Award’ in an essay competition. He developed very well during his school days and in the year 1918 he finished his school training and got the certificate of ‘State Public Matriculation Examination’.

Jayaprakash Narayan Personal Life Biography in hindi

In October 1920, he was married to Prabhavati Devi, daughter of Braj Kishore Prasad. At the time of their marriage, she was 18 years old and Prabhavati Devi was 14 years old. This age was considered common for marriage at this time. After marriage, since he was a worker in Patna, it was not possible for him to live with his wife. At this time, on the invitation of Mahatma Gandhi, his wife joined Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram. At the same time, Mahatma Gandhi was doing a non-cooperation movement against the Rowlatt Act issued by the British Government. He also joined those who listened to Maulana Azad’s speech in this movement. In this speech, Maulana Azad had asked the people to abandon the education of the British rule. Jaiprakash Narayan was very impressed by Maulana’s arguments and returned to Patna and left the college 20 days before the examination. After this, he enrolled himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, the college established by Dr. Rajendra Prasad and became one of the first students of Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha.

Jayaprakash Narayan Education in USA

He was very excited to get education. After completing his course in the Vidyapeeth, he planned to pursue his higher education in the United States of America. After this, at the age of only 20 years, he left for America by a cargo ship named Janus. At this time Prabhavati Devi was in the ashram of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati itself. Jayaprakash reached California on 8 October 1922. After this, in January 1923, he got admission in Berkeley. At this time, he did not get any kind of financial assistance from anywhere, so to pay his education fees at this time, he did the work of washing dishes in a mill factory, sometimes in hotels, sometimes in garage. Even after this there were difficulties in his education. Berkley’s fees were doubled and he had to leave this university and enroll himself in the ‘University of Loya’. Even after this, he had to get his admission in many different universities from time to time due to lack of money. He studied Sociology during his education, which was his favorite subject. At the time of this study, he received a lot of help from Professor Edward Ross.

While studying in Wisconsin, he got an opportunity to read ‘Das Kapital’ by Karl Marx. At the same time, he was greatly influenced by Marxism in 1917 by the news of the successes of the Russian Revolution. After this, he also discussed Marxism with Indian communists. During his studies, when he wrote his sociology paper ‘Social Variation’, it proved to be the best paper of the year on this subject.

Political Contribution of Jayaprakash Narayan

He has contributed a lot to Indian politics. He came to India from America after finishing his higher education in the year 1929. His ideology had become completely Marxist. After coming to India, he joined the Indian National Congress. At this time, Mahatma Gandhi became his guru in the Congress and he continued to learn political qualities. He lived in the same house with his special friend Ganga Sharan Singh in Kadamkuan, Patna. There was a lot of friendship between these two. During the year 1932, during the civil disobedience movement against the British government, the British police put him in jail. The British government kept him in Nashik jail where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Meenu Mastani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Baswon Sinha, Yusuf Desai, CK Narayanaswamy and other national level leaders. Due to all this, the Left Party was formed in the Congress, which was called the Congress Socialist Party. The president of this party was Acharya Narendra Dev and the general secretary Jayaprakash Narayan.

of the year 1942 Quit India Movement When these leaders were arrested again, they were kept in Hazaribagh jail. At this time, along with his other revolutionary associates like Yogendra Shukla, Suraj Narayan Singh, Gulab Chand Gupta, Ramnandan Mishra, Shaligram Singh etc., he started planning the freedom movements inside the jail itself. During the Quit India Movement, he actively participated in the movement, due to which he started getting fame among the people. After India became independent, he was made the President of ‘All India Railwaymen’s Federation’. This party is the largest labor party in India. He served in this post from 1947 to 1953.

Jayaprakash Narayan Bihar Movement

In the year 1960, seeing the political situation of India, he decided to return to politics. In the year 1974, the situation in the country had become very bad. People were not getting employment, necessities were not being available, the government was completely canceled. At such a time, the country needed a new revolution. Jayaprakash Narayan took over the reins of the Navnirman movement in Gujarat at the same time. At the age of 72, he started a silent procession in Patna on 8 April 1974. In this procession, the government had showered sticks. After this, on June 5, he organized a big meeting at Gandhi Maidan in Patna. While addressing this meeting, he had said that this is a revolution, we have not come here only to see the merger of the immediate assembly, but it is the first stop on our way.

Even after 27 years of India’s independence, the people of the country are suffering and troubled by inflation, hunger, corruption etc. There is no justice anywhere in the country. The country needs total revolution at this time. In the year 1974, he started the student movement along with the students of Bihar. This movement continued to grow and apart from the students, common people also started joining it. This movement later came to be known as Bihar Movement. Jayaprakash Narayan gave the name of ‘Peaceful Total Revolution’ to these important movements.

Jayaprakash Narayan in Emergency

During the Emergency, Indira Gandhi was convicted by the Allahabad Court for breaking the Electoral Act. On this, he demanded the resignation of Indira Gandhi and the Chief Ministers of other Congress ruled states. He appealed to the military and police not to accept the immoral and unconstitutional decisions of the government. On 25 June 1975, Indira Gandhi declared emergency in India. At this time, events were going on for the complete revolution of Narayan across the country. On this day, he and the main people associated with this movement were arrested. Biography of Indira Gandhi Read here.

After this, he made several repetitions of Rashtrakavi Dinkar’s poem ‘Empty the throne that the people come’ while addressing 100,000 people at Ramlila Maidan in protest against the government. After this he was again arrested by the government and kept in Chandigarh. At this time there was flood in Bihar. They demanded parole for 1 month from the government so that they could take stock of the floods, but it could not happen. In the meantime his health started deteriorating. His health suddenly deteriorated on 24 October. After this, he was released on 12 November, from where he was taken to Jaslok Hospital for diagnosis. It was found here that he has got kidney related problems and for the rest of his life he will always have to take the help of diagnosis.

After this, Surur Hoda launched the ‘Free JP’ campaign in the United Kingdom. The campaign was led by Nobel Laureate Noel Baker, whose aim was to get Jayaprakash Narayan released from prison. After almost 2 years, Indira Gandhi lifted the Emergency from the country on 18 January 1977 and elections were announced. At the time of this election, the Janata Party was formed under his leadership and also won the election. It was going to happen for the first time in the country that a non-Congress government came at the center. It is to be noted that at this time the youth of the country also got awakened towards politics and many youths associated themselves with this movement of Jayaprakash.

Jayaprakash Narayan Death

He died on 8 October 1979, just three days before his birthday. The main causes of his death were diabetes and heart related disorders. At this time his age was 77 years old.

Jayaprakash Narayan Awards

The personality of Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan does not require any kind of award. But he has given his whole life in the service of the country. He received awards at the world level, here the details of the awards he received are being given.

  • In the year 1999, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award by the Government of India.
  • He was honored with the Rashtra Bhushan Award from the FIE Foundation.
  • His talent was recognized by the foreigners even before the people of India. Because of this, he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in the year 1965 for doing public service.

Therefore, whether India’s independence movement or political movement, Jaiprakash Narayan always contributed to the service of the country. Due to this he had to endure many tortures, but he did not give up. Even today many politicians use his name in their speeches. Indian politics has always needed people with such revolutionary personalities. Even today, the youth of the country tries to register their role in Indian politics by taking inspiration from them.

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