Babar life introduction (Babar history jeevan parichay in hindi)
Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, who laid his foundation, ruled India for many years. The Mughals ruled India for about 300 years. After the sudden death of his father, Babur took over his father’s job at the age of only 12. He conquered the Fergana region of Turkistan and became its ruler. Babar was very ambitious since childhood, he always kept his goal in mind. Babur used to describe himself as a family of Genghis Khan, Genghis Khan was a descendant of his mother’s side. Timur’s king Chughtai Turk was a descendant of his father, Babur had the blood of two great rulers in his blood, which is why Babur was a great warrior. Babur had come to the battlefield from an early age, he had seen many wars, battles, defeats, victories, discord in the early days.
|serial number||life introduction point||babur biography|
|1.||Full Name||Zahiruddin Muhammad Babar|
|2.||Birth||23 February 1483|
|3.||birth place||Fergana Valley, Turkestan|
|4.||Parents||Qutlug Nigaar Khanum, Umar Sheikh Mirza|
|5.||Wife||Ayesha Sultan, Zainab Sultan, Masuma Sultan, Mehm Sultan, Gulrukh Begum, Dildar, Mubaraka, Bega Begum|
|6.||son and daughter||Humayun, Kamran Mirza, Askari Mirza, Hindal, Ahmed, Shahrukh, Gulzar Begum, Gulrang, Gulbadan, Gulberg|
|7.||death||26 December 1530 Agra, India|
Babur’s early life
The responsibility of his family had come on Babur at a very young age. He had conquered his native place Fargana, but could not rule there for long, he lost it in a few days. After which he had to see very difficult times, and he lived very hard. But even in this difficult time, some of his loyalists did not leave his side. After a few years, when his enemies were playing hostility to each other, Babur took advantage of this and he conquered Kabul in Afghanistan in 1502. Along with this, he also conquered his native place Fargana and Samarkand. Babur had 11 wives, from whom he had 20 children. Babur’s first son was Humayun, whom he made his successor.
Babur’s coming to India
When Babur could not spread his empire in Central Asia, then his eyes were on India. At that time, the political situation of India seemed appropriate for Babur to spread his empire. At that time the Sultan of Delhi was losing many battles, due to which a situation of disintegration had arisen. In the northern region of India, some territories were under Afghan and Rajput, but the areas around them were independent, which did not come under the territory of Afghans and Rajputs. Ibrahim Lodi who was the Sultan of Delhi was not a capable ruler. Daulat Khan, the governor of Punjab, was very dissatisfied with the work of Ibrahim Lodi. One of Abraham’s uncles, Alam Khan, who was a main contender for the Delhi Sultanate, knew Babur. Then Alam Khan and Daulat Khan sent an invitation to Babur to come to India. Babur liked this invitation very much, he found it to be a matter of his own benefit and he went to Delhi to increase his empire.
Battle of Panipat
Babur was called by Alam Khan and Daulat Khan for the battle of Panipat. Babur had done a thorough investigation 4 times before going to the fight. Meanwhile, some angry Afghan people called Babur to attack in Afghanistan. The king of Mewar, Rana Sangram Singh also asked Babur to stand against Ibrahim Lodhi, because Rana ji had an old rivalry with Abraham. Because of all this, Babur challenged Ibrahim Lodhi to fight at Panipath. In April 1526, Babur won the battle of Panipat, seeing himself defeated, Ibrahim Lodhi killed himself in this war. Everyone thought that Babur would leave India after this battle, but the opposite happened. Babur decided to spread his empire in India itself. Babur’s victory is called the first victory of Panipat in the history of India, it was also considered as the victory of Delhi. This victory completely changed Indian politics, as well as proved to be a big victory for the Mughals as well.
Battle of Khanwa
Even after the victory of Panipat, the position of Babur was not strong in India. It was Rana Sangram who had invited Babur to India, he thought that he would go back to Kabul. But Babur’s decision to stay in India put Rana Sangram in trouble. To make himself stronger, Babur challenged Rana Sangram of Mewar and defeated him in Khanwa. Some Afghan rulers were also associated with Rana Sangram Singh, after which he also defeated the Afghan chief. On 17 March 1527, two huge armies clashed with each other in Khanwa. The Rajputs fought their battles as usual, but Babur’s army had new equipment, which the Rajputs could not cope with and were defeated very badly. Babur’s army killed the entire Rajput army. Seeing himself defeated, Rana Sangram ran away and committed suicide. With the death of Rana Sangram, the Rajputs saw their future in danger. With this victory, people gave him the title of Ghazi.
Battle of Ghagra
Even after defeating the Rajputs, Babur had to face opposition from the Afghan rulers who were ruling in Bihar and Bengal. Babur defeated all the Afghan rulers at Ghagra in May 1529.
Babur had become a strong ruler by now, whom no one could defeat. A huge army was prepared near it, any king was afraid to challenge Babur. In such a situation, Babur spread the rule rapidly in India, he went to many corners of the country and there he looted a lot. Babur was not very religious in nature, he never forced any Hindu in India to convert to Islam. In Agra, Uttar Pradesh, he got a beautiful garden built in the joy of his victory, there he did not put any architecture showing religiosity. It was named as Aaram Bagh.
Before his death, Babur had won Punjab, Delhi, Bihar. Before he died, he had also written his own book, which contained every little thing about him. Babur’s beta was Humayun, it is said that when he was 22 years old, a terrible disease surrounded him, the greatest physicians were not able to cure his illness, everyone said that now only God can do anything. Babur loved Humayun very much, he could not see his successor dying like this. Then one day he went to Humayun and prayed to God that if he wants, he should take his life but cure Humayun. Humayun’s condition started improving from that day. As Humayun got better, Babur got sick. Everyone considered it a miracle of God. Babur died in 1530 when Humayun was completely cured. Babur was cremated by taking him to Afghanistan. Humayun then became the Mughal ruler and ruled the throne of Delhi.