History of Alauddin Khilji Biography Story Alauddin Khilji History in Hindi
Alauddin Khilji was the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty, who was a very powerful and ambitious king. Alauddin killed his uncle Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji, took his throne in his name, and he continued to spread his empire in India, carrying forward the legacy of the Khilji dynasty. He liked to call himself another Alexander. He was given the title of Alexander-I-Sunny. Khilji had stopped the open sale of liquor in his state.
He was the first Muslim ruler, who spread his empire in South India, and won. His passion for victory was what made him successful in the war, which increased his influence in South India, and the expansion of his empire increased. With the increasing power of Khilji, the number of his loyalists also increased. His most loyal generals in Khilji’s empire were Malik Kafur and Khushrav Khan. There was a lot of terror of Khilji in South India, he used to plunder in the states there, and the rulers there who were defeated by them, Khilji used to collect annual taxes from them.
Along with the loot and war here and there, Khilji was also engaged in protecting his Delhi Sultanate from the Mongol invaders. After defeating the huge Mongol army, Khilji had captured Central Asia, which is today known as Afghanistan. Khilji’s name is also written in the pages of history for repeatedly defeating the Mongol army. By attacking the Kakatiya rulers of Warangal, Khilji also captured the world’s most prized Kohinoor diamond. He was a great strategist and military commander who commanded his army across the Indian subcontinent. History of Kohinoor Diamond Read here to know.
Biography of Alauddin Khilji (Alauddin Khilji history In Hindi)
|life introduction point||khilji biography|
|Full Name||Alauddin Khilji|
|second name||Juna Mohammed Khilji|
|birth place||Laknauthi (Bengal)|
|father’s name||shaibuddin masood|
|Children||Qutibuddin Mubarak Shah, Shahibuddin Omar|
Alauddin was born in 1250 in Birbhum district of Bengal, he was named Juna Mohammad Khilji. His father was Shahibuddin Masood, who was the brother of Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji, the first Sultan of the Khilji dynasty. Alauddin did not get a good education since childhood, but he emerged as a powerful and great warrior.
Empire of Alauddin Khilji
First Khilji was made Amir-i-Tuzuk in the court of Sultan Jalaluddin Firuz. In 1291, Malik Chhajju revolted in the kingdom of the Sultan, this problem was handled very well by Alauddin, after which he was made the governor of Kara. After the victory at Bhilsa in 1292, the Sultan also gave Alauddin the province of Awadh. Alauddin, betraying the Sultan, killed him and ascended the throne of the Sultan of Delhi. Despite killing his uncle and ascending the throne of Delhi, he had to face some rebels for two years. Khilji faced this problem with full force.
Between 1296 and 1308, the Mongols were repeatedly attacked by different rulers to capture Delhi. Alauddin succeeded against the Mongols in the battles of Jalandhar (1296), Kili (1299), Amroha (1305) and Ravi (1306). Many Mongols settled near Delhi and adopted Islam. They were called the new Muslims. Khilji did not believe in them, he considered it to be part of a conspiracy of the Mongols. To save his empire, Khilji one day in 1298 killed all the Mongols who were about 30 thousand in number. After which all of them made their wife and children their slaves.
In 1299 Khilji got his first major victory in Gujarat. The king here revealed all of Alauddin to his two great generals Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan. Here Malik Kufur became the main loyal general of Khilji. Khilji attacked the Rajputana Fort of Ranthambore for the first time in 1303, in which he was unsuccessful. Khilji attacked here for the second time, in which he came face to face with Rana Hamir Dev, the descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan. Rana Hamir was killed in battle fighting bravely, after which Ranthambore became the reign of Khilji. History of Prithviraj Chauhan Read to know.
In 1303, Khilji sent his army to Warangal, but his army was defeated by the Kakatiya ruler. In 1303, Khilji attacked Chittor. There Rawal Ratan Singh was the kingdom of, whose wife was Padmavati. In the desire to get Padmavati, Khilji attacked there, in which he got victory but Rani Padmavati had committed Jauhar. Well, there is no solid evidence for this story. Life History of Rani Padmini Read to know.
In 1306, Khilji attacked the big kingdom of Banglana. Where Rai Karan ruled. Here Khilji got success and brought Rai Karan’s daughter to Delhi and married her to his eldest son. In 1308, Malik Kamaluddin, the general of Khilji, attacked the Siwana fort of Mewar. But Khilji’s army was defeated by the army of Mewar. Khilji’s army got success in the second time.
In 1307, Khilji sent his loyal Kafur to Devagiri to collect taxes from the king. In 1308, Khilji sent his chief Ghaji Malik along with other men to Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul in the Mongol kingdom of Afghanistan. Ghazi crushed the Mongols in such a way that they could not muster the courage to attack India again. In 1310, Khilji easily conquered the Hoysala kingdom, which was situated to the south of the Krishna river. The ruler there, Veera Ballala, surrendered without a war and agreed to pay the annual tax.
In 1311, Alauddin’s army raided the Mabar area at the behest of Malik Kafur, but he had to face defeat in front of the Tamil ruler Vikram Pandya there. However, Kafur managed to plunder huge wealth and the Sultanate. The North Indian states were directly controlled under the rule of Sultan Shahi, while all the territories in South India used to pay heavy taxes every year, which made Khilji immense money. Khilji waived 50% tax on agricultural produce, which reduced the burden on the farmers and they were not obliged to give their land to anyone in the form of tax.
- When Kafur conquered parts of South India, he built a mosque there. It referred to the growing empire of Alauddin, which extended from the Himalayas in North India to Adam Pul in the South.
- Khilji implemented a price control policy, under which food grains, clothes, medicines, cattle, horses, etc. could be sold at fixed prices only. Originally all the items were of low value, which were sold in the markets of Delhi. Civilians and soldiers benefited the most from this.
Alauddin Khilji Death
Khilji died in January 1316 at the age of 66. However, it is believed that he was assassinated by his lieutenant Malik Naib. His grave and madrasa are behind the Qutub complex in Mehrauli, Delhi.