Dharmveer Bharti, Dharamveer Bharti has a special place among the major writers of Hindi literature. Dharamvir Bharati was a writer as well as a poet, playwright and social thinker. He was also the editor-in-chief of the famous weekly magazine Dharmayug.
Birth- 25 December 1926, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
death- 4 September 1997 in Mumbai,
Education- MA Hindi, Ph-H-D
attainment of higher education Allahabad University
the nationality- Indian
husband- Shri Chiranjeev Lal Verma
mother- Mrs. Chanda Devi
business- Writer (poet, essayist and novelist)
notable works- God of Sins (novel) The Seventh Horse of the Sun (novel) Andha Yuga (drama)
Wife (Spouse)- First wife- Kanta Bharti, second wife- Pushpa Bharti
children- Daughter Paramita (from first wife Kanta) son Kinshuk Bharti and daughter Pragya Bharti (from second wife Pushpa)
Eminent writer of Hindi literature Dr. Dharamveer Bharti was born on 25 December 1926 in a Kayastha family in Atarsuiya locality of Allahabad city. His father’s name was Chiranjeev Lal Verma and mother’s name was Chanda Devi. Due to the family environment being molded in the Arya Samaj, Dharmavir Bharti had a profound effect of religiosity.
Dr. Dharamveer Bharti’s early education took place in D.A.V. College, Allahabad, and his higher education was also completed from Allahabad University. After doing MA in first class, he got his Ph.D. degree from Allahabad University by writing a dissertation on Siddha literature under the direction of Dr. Dhirendra Verma.
The Arya Samaji culture received from home and school, the literary environment of Allahabad University, the political upheavals taking place across the country, and the death of his father and the economic crisis arising out of it in his childhood made him susceptible and argumentative.
Various types of political activities going on in the country had a very revolutionary effect on Dharamveer Bharti ji. Due to the death of his father in childhood, he had to face economic crisis, he adopted Marx’s theory for his economic development, but even doing so did not have any special effect in his economic condition.
For a few days, he decorated the post of Professor in Allahabad University. During this period, from 1959 to 1987, he edited the well-known magazine “Dharmyug” which was published from Mumbai.
Bharti ji had two types of hobbies since childhood-
- make the first trip.
- Second study and teaching.
Which he kept alive for the rest of his life. The influence of his detailed study and travel experiences can be clearly seen in his literature.
In 1972, the Government of India honored him with the title of “Padma Shri”. Poetry, story and drama are found in the compositions of Bharti ji. His poems are popular in raga-rich and simple language. This unique writer of Hindi literature left this world on 4 September 1997 AD.
Literary Introduction of Dharamvir Bharati
Dharmveer Bharti was a talented poet, storyteller and playwright. In the stories and novels composed by Bharti, you have presented them in a lively form by raising social and psychological problems. Bharti ji had a great contribution in Hindi literature, for this reason she was awarded with various types of awards. His writing style was beautiful.
The discipline that Bharti ji touched with his pen became immortal, in his novel “Gunahon Ka Devta” the novel gives a beautiful introduction to his writing.
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Language style of Dharamvir Bharati
In their language there was a modified Khari dialect; Idioms, folktales, indigenous and foreign languages etc. have also been used.
Bharti ji’s style is emotional, descriptive, word pictorial, critical and comic sarcastic.
of Dharamveer Bharti compositions
In his writings, he wrote various books in the field of Hindi literature, writing essays, one-acts, novels, plays, criticism and poetry. He used the above styles in his books which proved to be very interesting for the readers.
Major Works of Dharamvir Bharati
- Poetry compositions- Chilled Iron, Seven Song Years, Kanupriya, Sapna Still, Aadyant.
- Story Collection- The village of the dead, heaven and earth, the moon and the broken people, the last house in a closed street, from the pen of breath, all the stories together.
- novel- The god of sins, the seventh horse of the sun, the land of eleven dreams, the beginning and the end.
- Essay- Himalayas, Pashyanti on a cart
- solitary and drama The river was thirsty, the blue lake, the auction of the voice etc.
- verse drama- dark ages
- Criticism- Progressivism: A Review, Human Values and Literature
Notable Honors (Awards)-
In 1972, Dr. Dharamveer Bharti, who was decorated with Padma Shri, received many awards during his lifetime, some of which are as follows-
- Haldi Ghati Best Journalism Award in 1984
- 1988 Maharana Mewar Foundation (Playwright Award)
- 1989 Award for Best Drama Sangeet Natak Akademi (Delhi)
- 1990 Bharat Bharti Award (Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan)
- 1994 National Pride, Government of Maharashtra, Kauriya Trust, K Birla Foundation of Vyas Samman.