Chandragupt Maurya’s Biography, History (Chandragupt Maurya, Biography, History, Birth, Death, Place, Father, Family in Hindi)
Chandragupta, the founder of the Maurya Empire, is considered a very good ruler of India, who ruled for many years. Chandragupta Maurya was such a ruler who was successful in unifying the whole of India, he ruled the whole of India on his own. Before them, there used to be small rulers in the whole country, who used to run separate rule here and there, there was no unity in the country. Chandragupta Maurya extended his rule from Kashmir to the Deccan in the south, from Assam in the east to Afghanistan in the west. Apart from the country of India, Chandragupta Maurya used to rule in the surrounding countries also. Not much is known about the childhood of Chandragupta Maurya. It is said that they were the descendants of Magadha. Chandragupta Maurya was intelligent from his youth, he had all the qualities of a successful true ruler, which Chanakya recognized and gave him political and social education.
Introduction of Chandragupta Maurya
|life introduction point||Chandragupta Biography|
|Full Name||Chandragupta Maurya|
|birth place||Patliputra, Bihar|
Ashoka, Susim, Vitashoka (Grandson)
mohenjodaro Located in Pakistan is the house of the dead, it was built in 2600 BC.
Chandragupta Maurya Early Life
Very accurate information is not found anywhere about Chandragupta Maurya’s family, it is said that he was the son of King Nanda and his wife Mura. Some people say that he belonged to the family of the Maurya ruler, who was a Kshatriya. It is said that Chandragupta Maurya’s grandfather had two wives, from one he had 9 sons, who were called Navnadas, from the second wife he was the father of Chandragupta Maurya, who was called Nanda. Navnadas was jealous of his half-brother, due to which he tried to kill Nanda. Nanda had 100 sons including Chandragupta Maurya, whom Navnadas killed, only Chandragupta Maurya somehow survived and started living in the kingdom of Magadha. This is where he met Chanakya. Since then his life changed. Chanakya recognized his qualities and took him to Takshila School, where he used to teach. Chanakya gave all the education to Chandragupta Maurya according to himself, made him a wise, intelligent, intelligent great man, taught him all the qualities of a ruler.
Chandragupta Maurya’s first wife was Durdhara, from whom he had a son named Bindusara, besides the second wife was Devi Helena, from whom he had a son named Justin. It is said that in order to protect Chandragupta Maurya from the enemy, Acharya Chanakya used to give him a little poison mixed in his food every day, so that his body gets immunity and his enemies could not give him any kind of poison. Chandragupta used to share this food with his wife Durdhara, but one day his enemy mixed the same poison in his food in large quantity, at that time his wife was pregnant, Durdhara could not bear it and dies, but Chanakya time But he reaches and saves his son. Bindusara is still remembered for his son Ashoka, who was a great king.
Establishment of Maurya Empire
The entire credit for the establishment of the Maurya Empire goes to Chanakya. Chanakya had promised Chandragupta Maurya, that he would get him his due, would make him sit on the throne of Navdas. When Chanakya was a teacher in Takshila, Alexander was preparing to attack India. Then the king of Takshila and Gandhara both bowed down before Alexander, Chanakya sought help from different kings of the country. King Parveteshwar of Punjab challenged Alexander to war. But the king of Punjab had to face defeat, after which Chanakya sought help from Dhanananda, the ruler of the Nanda kingdom, but he refused. After this incident, Chanakya decided that he would set up a new empire that would protect the country from British invaders, and the empire would run according to his policy. For which he chose Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya was called the Prime Minister of the Maurya Empire.
Adoration of Agarwals Maharaja Agrasen’s birth anniversary And the first day of Navratri i.e. sitting takes place on the same day.
The victory of Chandragupta Maurya (Chandragupta Maurya Fight with Alexander) –
Chandragupta Maurya to Alexander Chanakya Niti Accordingly, he was defeated only by walking. After this Chandragupta Maurya had come out as a powerful ruler, he then decided to attack his biggest enemy Nanda. Together with Parvatka, the king of the Himalayas, he attacked Dhana Nanda. This battle took place in Kusumpur in 321 BC, which lasted for several days, in the end Chandragupta Maurya was victorious and it became the strongest Maurya Empire of the north. After this, Chandragupta Maurya turned from north to south and continued to expand the kingdom from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea. Chandragupta Maurya made the dream of connecting the Vindhyas with the Deccan come true, most of the south had come under the Maurya Empire.
In 305 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya wanted to spread his empire in East Persia, at that time there was the kingdom of Seleuchus Nicator, who was the founder of the Seleucid Empire and had also been the general of Alexander. Chandragupta Maurya had won a lot of East Persia, he wanted to end this war peacefully, in the end he made an agreement with the king there and the whole empire came in the hands of Chandragupta Maurya, with this Nicator made his The daughter was also married to Chandragupta Maurya. In return, he also got a huge army of 500 elephants, which he further used in his war. Chandragupta Maurya had built the Maurya Empire all around, only Kalinga (now Orissa) and Tamil was not a part of this empire. These parts were later added to his empire by his grandson Ashoka.
Wife of Raja Rawal Ratan Singh from Chittor Rani Padmavati He had committed self-immolation by committing Jauhar.
Chandragupta Maurya’s inclination towards Jainism and death
When Chandragupta Maurya was 50 years old, he was inclined towards Jainism, his guru was also from Jainism whose name was Bhadrabahu. In 298 BCE, he gave his kingdom to his son Bindusara and went to Karnataka, where he meditated for 5 weeks without eating and drinking, which is called Santhara. Do this until you die. This is what Chandragupta Maurya gave up his life.
After the departure of Chandragupta Maurya, his son carried forward the empire, with whom Chanakya supported. Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya together had raised such a big empire with their understanding. He lost many times, but he used to learn something from his defeat and move forward. It was because of Chanakya’s diplomacy that Chandragupta Maurya had raised such a big empire, which was later taken to a new position by his grandson Ashoka. Today’s youth learn many things from a great warrior warrior like Chandragupta Maurya, many books have also been written on him, as well as the Chandragupta Maurya TV series also came, which was very much liked.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya was the son of Mura, the second wife of Nandavanshi king Mahapadmananda.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya’s first wife was Durdhara, while the second wife was Devi Helna.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya was born in 340 BC.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya was born in Pataliputra.
Ans: It is said that Chandra Gupta got inspired by Jainism and adopted Jainism.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya died around 300 BC at a place named Shravanabela Gola in Karnataka.
Ans: Chandra Gupta Maurya died due to starvation.