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Biography of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee | Syama Prasad Mukherjee Biography in Hindi

Syama Prasad Mukherjee


Syama Prasad Mukherjee Biography Biography In Hindi)

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee used to have a deep connection with Indian politics and was known for his different ideology. He had always raised his voice to protect Hindutva and he had also opposed Article 370 a lot.

Syama Prasad Mukherjee

Biography of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

Name (Name) Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
Birthday (Birthday) 06 July 1901
death 23 June, 1953
birth place (Birth Place) Calcutta, Bengal, British India
place of death Kashmir prison, independent india
citizenship (Citizenship) Indian
home town (Hometown) Calcutta
Where did you get your education?Education) Presidency College Lincoln Inn, Presidency College
religion (Religion) Hindu
language knowledge (Language) Hindi, English
profession (Occupation) politician
which party did you belong to (Party) Bharatiya Jana Sangh Party

Family Information of Shyama Prasad Mookerjee

father’s name (Father’s Name) Ashutosh Mukherjee
mother’s name (Mother’s Name) Jogmaya Devi Mukherjee
Grandfather’s Name (grandfather’s name) Ganga Prasad Mukherjee
brother’s name (Brother’s Name) Uma Prasad and Ram Prasad Mukherjee
sisters name Kamla, Amla and Ramala
wife’s name (Wife’s Name) Sudha Devi
sons name (Son’s Name) Anutosh and Debatosh
daughters name (Daughter’s Name) Sabita and Aarti
granddaughter (Grandniece’s Name) Kamala Sinha

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee’s Birth and Family (Birth Details And Family Details)-

  • Syama Prasad Mookerjee belonged to a Bengali family and was born in Calcutta. There were many learned people in his family and his father used to work as a judge in the High Court of Bengal and at the same time he used to be the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta.
  • Shyama Prasad Mookerjee had a total of three brothers and three sisters in his family and he had a brother Ram Prasad, who used to be a judge in the High Court of Calcutta.

Syama Prasad Mookerjee’s wife’s name was Sudha Devi and both of them were married on April 16, 1922. Both of them had a total of five children, out of which one of their children died due to diphtheria. After which he had a total of four children, out of which he had two sons and two daughters.

Information related to personal life-

  • He enrolled as an advocate in the Calcutta High Court in the year 1924 and his father died in the same year.
  • Shyama Prasad Mookerjee’s wife died of serious illness in 1934, after which his children were looked after by his wife’s sister.

Syama Prasad Mukherjee Education and Advocacy Career

  • He had his early education from Bhawanpur Mitra Sansthan and he used to be very fast in studies. Due to which he used to be one of the popular students of his teachers.
  • In the year 1914, after successfully passing the matriculation examination, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was admitted to the Presidency College and continued his further studies from here. He did his bachelor’s degree in English language and after that he studied MA in Bengali language.
  • After completing his MA, he decided to study law and got his bachelor’s degree in this subject in the year 1924.
  • After receiving the education of law, he started working as a lawyer in the Calcutta High Court.
  • He had gone to England in 1926 and after going here, he enrolled at Lincoln’s College to study the bar. After which in 1927 he first worked as a lawyer and then became a member of the English Bar.

Political Career of Syama Prasad Mukherjee

  • His political career started in 1929 and he represented Calcutta University in the Bengal Legislative Council this year on behalf of the Congress. Although he resigned from this council a year later, he was re-elected as an independent candidate.
  • In 1939, he joined the Hindu Mahasabha and in the same year he was made the acting president of this Mahasabha.
  • independence of india After that, he was made Minister of Industries and Supplies in the Interim Central Government. But he resigned from the cabinet in protest against some decision taken by the government.
  • After separating from the Congress party, Shyama Prasad Mookerjee formed the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) party on 21 October 1951, after consulting the RSS affiliate Shri Golwalkar Guruji.
  • With the formation of this party, he became its first president and in the year 1952, his party Lok Sabha elections had participated in. In this election, his party won 3 seats.

Article 370 was opposed (Article 370)

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee raised his voice against making a separate constitution for the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He was not in favor of making a separate constitution for this state and during this time he also visited this state.

Syama Prasad Mukherjee Death

Shyama Prasad Mookerjee took the last breath of his life in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1953 and when he died, at that time he was opposing Article 370 in this state and he was taken into custody at the same time. was.

How did the death happen (Reason)

In fact, under Article 370, this state could not be visited without the permission of the government and to protest against this, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee took admission in this state on May 11, 1953 without the permission of the government. Due to which he was arrested and put in jail.

However, after some time, Mukherjee and the two people arrested with him were kept in a cottage by the police and during this time their health deteriorated. At the same time, after his health deteriorated, he was also admitted to the hospital on 22 June, where he was said to have high art, and he also died a day later. Although it is said that the reason for his death was someone else and he died under mysterious circumstances.

Controversy over Syama Prasad Mookerjee’s death

After his death, his mother had Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru He was asked to get his death investigated. But Nehru refused to get his death investigated. Whereas in the year 2004 Atal Bihari Vajpayee had termed his death as a conspiracy and said that he had been murdered.

Shyama Prasad Mookerjee’s legacy

  • In the year 1969, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee College was established in his memory in Delhi and it is a very famous college of Delhi.
  • A road in Delhi was also named after him, whose name is ‘Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Marg’. Apart from this, there are many routes named after him in Ahmedabad and Kolkata.
  • In the year 2017, Kolar Nagar in the state of Madhya Pradesh was renamed as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Nagar. Apart from this, many schemes have also been run by the government in the name of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.

Other information related to the life of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee-

  • At the age of 33, he had become the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta and before him no person had become the Vice-Chancellor of this University at this age.
  • they Quit India Movement and wrote a letter to the Governor of Bengal Sir John Herbert in protest against this movement.
  • In the year 1946, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was also made a member of the Constituent Assembly of India and he also demanded the partition of Bengal from Lord Mountbatten this year.
  • At the time when he died, his mother had said that I think the loss of my son’s death is the loss of Mother India.


Shyama Prasad Mukherjee used to express his views without any fear and he always raised his voice against those things which he thought were against the good of the country. And only to make his point known to the people, he had formed the Bharatiya Jana Sangh Party.

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