Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
Charan Singh was the fifth Prime Minister of independent India, he held this post from 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980. Charan Singh’s work was only for 7 months, but during this time he made tireless efforts to improve the condition of the farmer brothers of the country and for their rights. He also contributed to the independence of the country. He gave a large part of his life to the politics of the country, he had known and understood politics closely.
- 1 Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
- 2 Charan Singh birth and education (Chowdhary Charan Singh life history)-
Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
|serial number||life introduction point||Charan Singh Biography|
|1.||Full Name||Chaudhary Charan Singh|
|2.||Birth||23 December 1902|
|3.||birth place||Meerut, Uttar Pradesh|
|4.||husband||Chaudhary Mir Singh|
|5.||wife||Gayatri Devi (marriage 1929)|
|7.||death||May 29, 1987 (Delhi)|
|8.||political party||Janata Party|
Charan Singh birth and education (Chowdhary Charan Singh life history)-
Charan Singh was born in a Jat family on 23 December 1902 in the family of Chaudhary Mir Singh in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. His father was a farmer, who was very poor. The image of his father was reflected in his behavior. Despite living in poverty, he gave first status to studies. His family was related to Raja Nahar Singh, who took part in the war of 1857. His father was very interested in studies, so he also had a lot of inclination. Elementary education took place in Nurpur village itself and he did his matriculation from Government High School in Meerut. He graduated in science in 1923, after two years passed the post-graduate examination of arts in 1925, after that after passing the lawyer’s examination, took charge of advocacy in Ghaziabad. He was married to Gayatri Devi.
Charan Singh’s coming in the freedom struggle –
In 1929, Charan Singh entered the freedom movement of India, first he formed the Congress in Ghaziyaism. In 1930, in the “Civil Disobedience Movement” run by Gandhiji called for breaking the salt law, Charan Singh made salt on the Hindon river flowing on the border of Ghaziabad and also participated in the “Dandi March”. During this, he also had to go to jail for 6 months. after that they Mahatma Gandhi In the shadow of Ji, he made himself a part of the storm of freedom.
He also went to jail in the Satyagraha movement of 1940 and then came out in 1941. In February 1937, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly. On 31 March 1938, he introduced the “Agricultural Produce Market Bill”, this bill was in the interest of farmers, this bill was first adopted by Punjab in 1940. After independence, in 1952, Charan Singh became the Revenue Minister of Uttar Pradesh and continued to work in the interest of farmers, he passed the “Zamindari Abolition Bill” in 1952. Due to this bill 27000 patwaris resigned. Which he accepted fearlessly and liberated the farmers from the terrorist environment of Patwari and himself took over the post of ‘Lekhpal’ and appointed new Patwaris, in which 18% was reserved for Harijans.
charan singh political career chaudhary charan singh political career –
Charan Singh and Jawaharlal Nehru There was a great difference of opinion and methodology. Due to which these two clashed many times, Charan Singh was critical of Nehru’s economic policy. Due to this difference, Charan Singh left the Congress party in 1967 and formed a new party with Raj Narayan and Ram Manohar Lohia, whose symbol was ‘Haldar’. After this many anti-Congress leaders were imprisoned in 1970 and 1975. Emergency situation in 1975-1977 Indira Gandhi Almost all the opposition leaders were in jail. These leaders fought and won the elections for the Janata Party by staying in jail. After this Chaudhary Charan Singh came to power as a senior leader.
Morarji Desai During the tenure of Ji, Charan Singh was “Deputy Prime Minister” and “Home Minister”. During this rule, the differences between Charan Singh and Morarji Desai increased. After this, Charan Singh revolted and left the Janata Dal party, due to which Morarji Desai’s government fell. Charan Singh took over the post of Prime Minister on 28 July 1979 with the support of Congress and other parties. At this time, veteran leaders like Indira Gandhi gave him a lot of support. Samajwadi Party and Congress ruled together by compromise, but after some time on 19 August 1979, Indira withdrew support and for support, Indira made a condition that “her party and the cases against her should be withdrawn”. But for Charan Singh to accept this condition was against his principles. Therefore, he did not accept this condition and resigned from the post of Prime Minister due to lack of support, not going against the principles.
Work done by Charan Singh (Chowdhary Charan Singh work) –
Charan Singh was like a mahisha for the farmers. He met the farmers of entire Uttar Pradesh and resolved their problems. The land of India has always been agricultural. The love for the farmers gave Charan Singh so much respect that he never had to face defeat. His life was simple and principled. He was also the leader of Gandhian ideology, who cherished this ideology throughout his life. When Gandhian leaders later left the Congress and formed a separate party, then Gandhi had abandoned the cap, but Charan Singh wore it for life. Gandhiji also called farmers as the ruler of India. After independence, Charan Singh was the only leader who improved the lives of farmers.
Charan Singh death (Chowdhary Charan Singh death) –
He died on 29 May 1987. He was survived by his wife Gayatri Devi and five children. His ancestor Raja Nahar Singh was a participant in the revolt of 1857. In this way patriotism was prevalent in the nature of Charan Singh. He had a good hold in the English language, he wrote many books in this language as well.