Aurangzeb Biography and History (Aurangzeb History Jeevan Parichay in hindi)
Aurangzeb was a great Mughal ruler of India, who ruled India for many years. He was the number six Mughal ruler, who ruled India. Aurangzeb ruled for about 49 years from 1658 to 1707, it was the Mughals after Akbar, who remained on the throne of the king for such a long time. After his death, the Mughal Empire was completely shaken, and slowly it was beginning to end. Aurangzeb had carried forward the work of his ancestor very well, the way Akbar had raised the Mughal Empire with hard work and dedication, Aurangzeb provided more support to this empire and the Mughal Empire in India had increased further. But his subjects did not like Aurangzeb much, the reason for this was his behavior. Aurangzeb was a fanatic, a staunch Muslim and a strict king, Akbar had promoted Hindu-Muslim unity and he also took care of the needs of his Hindu subjects, but Aurangzeb was not like that at all.
|life introduction point||Aurangzeb Biography|
|Full Name||Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Mohammed Aurangzeb Alamgir|
|Birth||14 October 1618|
|birth place||Dahod, Gujarat|
|Parents||Mumtaz, Shah Jahan|
|wife||Aurangabadi Palace, Zainabadi Palace, Begum Nabav Bai and Udaipuri Palace|
|son||Bahadur Shah, Azam Shah, Muhammad Kama Baksh, Muhammad Sultan, Sultan Muhammad Akbar|
Aurangzeb himself had put Alamgir in front of his name, which meant world conqueror. Aurangzeb also had 4 daughters. Aurangzeb had 6 siblings, of whom he was the third son of Shah Jahan.
Aurangzeb’s early life
Aurangzeb belonged to the family of Babur, who is considered the founder of the Mughal Empire. At the time of Aurangzeb’s birth, his father Shah Jahan was the governor of Gujarat. At the age of 9, Aurangzeb was taken hostage in Lahore by his grandfather Jahangir, because of his father’s failure in a war. After 2 years in 1628, when Shah Jahan was declared the king of Agra, Aurangzeb and his elder brother Dara Shikoh returned to live with their parents. Once in 1633, some wild elephants attacked Agra, causing a stampede among the subjects, Aurangzeb bravely risked his life, fought these elephants and locked them in a cell. Seeing this, his father was very happy and weighed him with gold and gave him the title of Bahadur.
Aurangzeb had become a favorite of his father with his wisdom, at the age of just 18, he was made the Subedar of the Deccan in 1636. In 1637, Aurangzeb married Dilras Banu Begum, a Safavid princess, who was Aurangzeb’s first wife. In 1644, a sister of Aurangzeb died suddenly, despite such a big deal, Aurangzeb did not immediately go to his house in Agra, he went home after several weeks. This reason became a big reason for family dispute, shocked by this, Shah Jahan removed Aurangzeb from the post of Subedari of Deccan, as well as all his state rights were taken away, he was forbidden to come to the court. When Shah Jahan’s anger was quelled, he made Aurangzeb the Subedar of Gujarat in 1645, which was the richest province of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb did a good job here, due to which he was also made the governor of Afghanistan.
In 1653, Aurangzeb once again became the Subedar of the Deccan, he implemented the revenue rule made by Akbar in the south as well. At this time Aurangzeb’s elder brother Dara Shukoh was a favorite of his father Shah Jahan, he was his chief advisor. The thinking of both was very opposite, due to which there were many differences between the two and there was a fight for power. In 1657, Shah Jahan fell very ill, due to which a war broke out among the three brothers for power, Aurangzeb was the most powerful of the three, he took his father Shah Jahan captive and hanged the brothers. After this Aurangzeb himself got his kingdom anointed. Due to all these works, the Mughal Empire used to spit and the people also hated them. Aurangzeb had tried to kill his father too, but due to some loyalists, he could not do so.
Aurangzeb wanted to make the whole of India a Muslim country, he committed a lot of atrocities on Hindus and completely stopped celebrating Hindu festivals. Aurangzeb also imposed additional tax on the people of non-Muslim community, he also used to force the people of Kashmir to accept Muslim religion. When Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur protested this by standing with the Kashmiri people, Aurangzeb hanged him. Aurangzeb broke many temples and got mosques built in their place. Aurangzeb had started the practice of Sati once again, in Aurangzeb’s kingdom, activities like eating meat, drinking alcohol, prostitution increased. Hindus were not given any work in the Mughal Empire.
In view of the increasing tyranny of Aurangzeb, Maratha revolted against Aurangzeb in 1660, followed by Jat in 1669, Satnami in 1672, Sikh in 1675 and Rajput in 1679 raised their voice against Aurangzeb. In 1686, the British East India Company also revolted against Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb won many of these battles, but the victory did not always go with one, the Mughal Empire was shaken by successive rebellions one after the other and its unity started breaking. Aurangzeb’s strict penance also did not work. Art, dance and music went away from the empire, neither elders would be respected here, nor women were respected. The whole empire got buried under the orthodox doctrines of Islam.
During the entire reign of Aurangzeb, he was always busy in waging war, being a staunch Muslim, the Hindu kings were his great enemies. Shivaji was in the first place in his enemy list. Aurangzeb also took Shivaji captive, but he escaped from his captivity. Together with his army, Shivaji fought with Aurangzeb and defeated Aurangzeb. In this way the rule of the Mughals began to end and the Marathas increased their rule.
At the age of 90, Aurangzeb gave up his life on 3 March 1707, Aurangzeb was buried in Daulatabad. During his 50-year rule, Aurangzeb had increased his rebels so much that the Mughal Empire came to an end as soon as he died. His ancestor Babur is considered the founder of the Mughal Empire and Aurangzeb became the reason for the end of this empire. It was Aurangzeb who built the Moti Masjid in the Red Fort of Delhi.