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Acharya Vinoba Bhave biography Quotes

by Sudhir kumar

Acharya Vinoba Bhave biography Quotes in hindi The name of Acharya Vinoba Bhave is inscribed among the names of Mahatmas of India. He contributed a lot in the non-violent way in the freedom struggle of India. He always worked for the protection of human rights and non-violence. He contributed to the Bhoodan movement for nation building. This contribution proved to be very important for the country. He was one of the foremost disciples of Mahatma Gandhi, who always followed the path of Mahatma Gandhi and devoted his life to nation building. Below, his great biography is being looked at one by one.

Vinoba-Bhave

Biography of Acharya Vinoba Bhave ( Acharya Vinoba bhave biography in hindi )

Full Name Vinayak Rao Bhave
second name Acharya Vinoba Bhave
Birth 11 September 1895
birth place Gagode, Maharashtra
Religion Hindu
Caste chitpavan brahmin
father’s name Narhari Shambhu Rao
Mother’s name Rukmini Devi
brothers names Balakrishna, Shivaji, Dattatreya
Work Social Reformer, Writer, Thinker, Freedom Fighter
death 15 November 1982

Birth and education of Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Vinoba Bhave’s father was a very good weaver, and his mother was a religious woman. His father lived in Baroda due to work. Because of this, his grandfather had a great contribution in his upbringing. He was greatly influenced by his mother, and as a result, at a very young age, he read books like the Bhagavad Gita, and also understood its essence. The knowledge of Bhagavad Gita greatly influenced him.

Mahatma Gandhi gave a very influential speech in the Banaras Hindu Vishwavidyalaya established during this time. Some of his parts were published in the newspapers, which Vinoba Bhave was very impressed by reading it. At this time Vinoba was going to Mumbai to give his Intermediate examination. Impressed by the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi, he turned his back on further studies and wrote a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi called in a reply letter to meet him at Kochrab Ashram in Ahmedabad. biography of mahatma gandhi Read here.

Vinova Bhave’s first meeting with Mahatma Gandhi took place on 7 June 1916. This meeting affected him further and his academic studies stopped. He considered it right to spend his whole life in the service of the country following the path of Mahatma Gandhi.

Vinoba Bhave at Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram (Acharya Vinoba bhave and Mahatma Gandhi)

Acharya Vinoba Bhave was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas of truth and non-violence. He became very much interested in all the programs being held in Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram. In these works, studies related to reading, social subconscious etc. were always being done. In the presence of Mahatma Gandhi, he started promoting Khadi clothes, which later proved to be very important for the Swadeshi movement. Along with this, he kept making people aware to keep cleanliness and cleanliness around, teaching children everywhere.

On 8 April 1921, Vinoba Bhave left for Wardha, a village in Maharashtra, at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi. An ashram of Mahatma Gandhi used to run in Wardha, he entrusted the work of it to Vinob Bhave. In 1923, he started bringing out a monthly magazine called ‘Maharashtra Dharma’. In this magazine, he continued to write essays on the importance and utility of Vedanta (Upanishads). Later, after being liked by the people, this monthly magazine started coming as a weekly magazine. This magazine was playing an important role in making people aware. This magazine continued to come out for three consecutive years. In 1925, seeing Vinoba Bhave’s diligence and activity, Mahatma Gandhi sent him to Vaikom, a small village in Kerala. There Harijans were prohibited from entering the temple, to remove this restriction and bring a sense of equality in the society, Gandhiji gave this responsibility to Vinoba Bhave.

Vinoba Bhave jail and arrests

The country was ruled by the British. Mahatma Gandhi was doing the work of making people aware on one hand, and on the other hand he was also responsible for freeing the country from the British rule. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was also equally involved in both these works of Mahatma Gandhi. There was neither freedom of expression in the country nor to say anything against the British government. In this terrible time, someone or the other had to demand freedom. Mahatma Gandhi was moving in this direction non-violently. During this, between 1920 and 1930, Acharya was arrested several times after seeing the awareness work being done by him. He was not at all afraid of these arrests and the British rule and in 1940 he was imprisoned for five years. The reason for this prison was the non-violent movement against the British government. But he did not give up even here and started reading and writing in jail itself. Jail became a place for him to study and write.

While in jail, he composed two books named ‘Ishavasyavrutti’ and ‘Sthitpragya Darshan’. While in Villori Jail, he learned four languages ​​of South India and composed a script called ‘Loknagri’. During the prison itself, he translated the Bhagavad Gita into Marathi language while in jail and through a series started distributing all the translations to the other prisoners living in the jail. This adaptation was later published under the name ‘Talks on the Gita’, which continued to be translated into many other languages.

After his release from prison, his determination became stronger. Later, he played a major role in the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’. Even after doing so many things, he was not very famous among the common people. His identity among the people began to be established from the year 1940, when Mahatma Gandhi selected him as a participant in a new non-violent movement.

Vinoba Bhave as a Social reformer

In childhood, following the words of his mother, Acharya understood the importance of religion in life. In the course of time, the proximity of Mahatma Gandhi kept instilling social consciousness in him. Vinoba’s religious outlook was very big, in which the ideas of many other religions were amalgamated. In these, the convergence of multi-religious ideas can be understood by one of their tactic ‘Om Tat Sat’, in this tactic there is a basis and goodwill towards all religions. His slogan was – ‘Jai Jagat’. With this tactic, their thoughts can be understood more easily. In this slogan, they are not cheering for any one province or nation, but the whole world, in which many types of religions live.

Looking at the living of a common Indian, he realized that his life could become even better. With all that, there were many problems in the construction of a religious place, for which they kept looking for solutions. With hard work any work becomes successful. Acharya also succeeded in time and under his leadership the foundation of ‘Sarvodaya Andolan’ was laid. The basic objective of the Sarvodaya movement was to bring forward the people standing in the last section of the society. There should be no difference between the poor and the rich, nor should there be any kind of caste-discrimination in time. In fact, to end the British rule, it was very important for everyone to have one jute. After this, the foundation of another very important movement was laid by them. This movement showed how soft and full of sacrifice the heart of Acharya Vinoba Bhave was.

Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan Movement

On 18 April 1951, India had become independent from the British rule, but even after this, many such shackles were holding the society, which was very important to break as soon as possible. Many lives were imprisoned in these chains. The British had weakened India in every way as they went. Many people became so poor that they did not even have a place to live. He realized this horror when he met eighty Harijan families and listened to them. Through this movement, Acharya Vinoba Bhave wanted to help the poor, who did not even have a place to live. He first donated his land and then roamed in different parts of India and asked people to give one-sixth of their land to poor families. Many people were influenced by the sacrifice and dedication of Acharya Vinoba Bhave and took part in this movement. Acharya said that he spent thirteen years in this movement, in these thirteen years he was successful in establishing 6 ashrams.

Vinoba Bhave’s Bramha Vidya Mandir (Vinoba bhave ashram)

It was one of the ashrams established by Acharya Vinoba Bhave. This ashram was for women, where she used to run her own life. The people of this ashram used to do farming together for their food arrangements. During farming, he used to pay attention to the rules of food production of Mahatma Gandhi, which talked about social justice and stability. Like Acharya Vinoba and Mahatma Gandhi, the people living in this ashram also believed a lot in Shrimad Bhagwat Geeta. The people living here used to get ready in the morning, and pray while reciting the Upanishads. Vishnu Sahasranamam was recited here in the middle of the day and Bhagavad Gita in the evening.

There were 25 women in it and later some men were also allowed to work in that ashram. With the establishment of this ashram in 1959, this ashram had to face some difficulties. It was initially established in Punar of Maharashtra. The people of this ashram were trying to take the thoughts of Acharya and Mahatma Gandhi to the masses.

Literary Activity of Vinoba Bhave

Although Acharya Vinoba Bhave left college at one time, he always had the urge to learn. This was the reason that he wrote many valuable books with the help of his knowledge. By reading which common people could get knowledge very easily. He also worked as a translator along with it, with the help of which Sanskrit remained in the common people for a long time. Apart from this, he had very good knowledge of Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu etc. He was a kind of ‘social reformer’. Acharya found the Kannada script very beautiful. According to Acharya, the script of Kannada language is the queen of all the scripts of the world. He composed many great works during his lifetime. In these works, Shrimad Bhagwat, Adi Shankaracharya, Bible, Quran etc. presented their views on the values ​​related to human life given in religious books. Apart from these works, he took the teachings of many Marathi saints to the common people. He translated Shrimad Bhagavad Gita into Marathi language. Acharya was greatly influenced by Shrimad Bhagavad Gita. A university has been established in his name in Jharkhand, India.

Instructive priceless sayings of Acharya Vinoba Bhave (Vinoba bhave quotes)

  • Only by keeping the pace of life in a controlled limit, a human’s mind can remain free.
  • Truth does not require any proof.
  • If a man has conquered his body, then there is no one left in the whole world who can exert his force on him.
  • Freedom has no value if there are no limits.
  • There is no great discussion in Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, one reason for this is that all the things given in it are for the common man, which by reading and understanding the common man can practice the Gita in his life.
  • If we go on the same path every day, we get used to it, and we can walk without considering our steps and thinking about other facts.
  • We cannot get our childhood back. It is as if someone wrote childhood on a slate and after some time erased it.
  • A country can save its memory not by the weapons it keeps but by its morality.
  • Any revolution takes place in a spiritual form at its origin or source. The root of this spiritual form is to unite the hearts of all the people.
  • The nature of a soul is to rise all the time, but just as a thing tied to a heavy object cannot fly very high, similarly the soul also cannot rise due to the weight of the body. For liberation one has to be free from his body first.

Vinoba Bhave’s death

Acharya Vinoba Bhave spent the last days of his life in Bramha Vidya Mandir. At the last moment, according to the belief of Jainism, he adopted the path of ‘Samadhi Maran / Santhara’ and gave up food, medicine and everything. He died on 15 November 1982. The then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi was about to go to Moscow for the funeral of a Soviet leader Leonid, but after hearing the news of Acharya’s death, she canceled going there and attended Acharya’s funeral.

Vinoba Bhave’s honor (Vinoba bhave achievements)

  • In 1958, Acharya Vinoba was the first recipient of the “International Ramon Magsaysay Award” for community leadership.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1983.

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